Although physical exercise strongly influences several laboratory parameters, data about the hematological changes after medium distance running are scarce. We studied 31 middle-trained athletes (mean training regimen 217±32 min/week) who performed a 21.1 km, half-marathon. Blood samples were collected before the run, at the end, 3 and 20 hours thereafter. The complete blood count was performed on Advia 2120 and included red blood cell (RBC), reticulocyte and platelet counts, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), reticulocyte haemoglobin content (Ret CHR), RBC distribution width (RDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV). No significant variations were observed for MCH and Ret CHR. The RBC, reticulocyte and hemoglobin values modestly decreased after the run. The MCV significantly increased at the end of running, but returned to baseline 3 hours thereafter. The RDW constantly increased, reaching a peak 20 hours after the run. The platelet count and MPV both increased after the run, and returned to baseline 3 hours thereafter. These results may have implications for definition of reference ranges and antidoping testing, but may also contribute to explain the relationship between endurance exercise and mortality since previous studies reported that RDW and MPV may be significantly associated with cardiovascular disease.

Variation of red blood cell distribution width and mean platelet volume after moderate endurance exercise.

LIPPI, Giuseppe;SALVAGNO, GIAN LUCA;DANESE, Elisa;TARPERI, Cantor;GUIDI, Giancesare;SCHENA, Federico
2014

Abstract

Although physical exercise strongly influences several laboratory parameters, data about the hematological changes after medium distance running are scarce. We studied 31 middle-trained athletes (mean training regimen 217±32 min/week) who performed a 21.1 km, half-marathon. Blood samples were collected before the run, at the end, 3 and 20 hours thereafter. The complete blood count was performed on Advia 2120 and included red blood cell (RBC), reticulocyte and platelet counts, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), reticulocyte haemoglobin content (Ret CHR), RBC distribution width (RDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV). No significant variations were observed for MCH and Ret CHR. The RBC, reticulocyte and hemoglobin values modestly decreased after the run. The MCV significantly increased at the end of running, but returned to baseline 3 hours thereafter. The RDW constantly increased, reaching a peak 20 hours after the run. The platelet count and MPV both increased after the run, and returned to baseline 3 hours thereafter. These results may have implications for definition of reference ranges and antidoping testing, but may also contribute to explain the relationship between endurance exercise and mortality since previous studies reported that RDW and MPV may be significantly associated with cardiovascular disease.
physical exercise; RDW; MPV
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/774761
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