The in situ Proximity Ligation Assay (PLA) is suited for visualizing protein–protein interactions and posttranslational protein modifications in both tissue sections and in vitro cell cultures. Accurate identification and quantification of protein–protein interactions are critical for in vitro cell analysis, especially when studying the dynamic involvement of proteins in various processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Here, we monitored the interactions between protein kinase-Cζ (PKCζ) and Bcl10 protein in untreated and etoposide (VP-16)-treated C4-I cells by means of a new combined morphological approach and validated it by taking stock of our previous proteomic and biochemical work (Chiarini et al. in J Proteome Res 11:3996–4012, 2012). We first analyzed the colocalization of PKCζ and Bcl10 proteins through classical immunofluorescent colocalization analysis. On the basis of these results, we developed a novel imaging approach combining immunofluorescence (IF) techniques with in situ PLA to identify the PKCζ·Bcl10 complexes at the level of a specific subcellular compartment, i.e., the nuclear envelope (NE). By this means, we could show that the amount of PKCζ·Bcl10 complexes localized at the NE of C4-I cells during proliferation or after treatment with VP-16 closely corresponded to our previous purely biochemical results. Hence, the present findings demonstrate that the combination of in situ PLA with classical IF detection is a novel powerful analytical tool allowing to morphologically demonstrate new specific protein–protein interactions at level of subcellular organelles, the complexes functions of which can next be clarified through proteomic/ biochemical approaches.

Combining immunofluorescence with in situ proximity ligation assay: a novel imaging approach to monitor protein–protein interactions in relation to subcellular localization

PACCHIANA, Raffaella;ARMATO, Ubaldo;DAL PRÀ, Ilaria Pierpaola;CHIARINI, Anna Maria
2014

Abstract

The in situ Proximity Ligation Assay (PLA) is suited for visualizing protein–protein interactions and posttranslational protein modifications in both tissue sections and in vitro cell cultures. Accurate identification and quantification of protein–protein interactions are critical for in vitro cell analysis, especially when studying the dynamic involvement of proteins in various processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Here, we monitored the interactions between protein kinase-Cζ (PKCζ) and Bcl10 protein in untreated and etoposide (VP-16)-treated C4-I cells by means of a new combined morphological approach and validated it by taking stock of our previous proteomic and biochemical work (Chiarini et al. in J Proteome Res 11:3996–4012, 2012). We first analyzed the colocalization of PKCζ and Bcl10 proteins through classical immunofluorescent colocalization analysis. On the basis of these results, we developed a novel imaging approach combining immunofluorescence (IF) techniques with in situ PLA to identify the PKCζ·Bcl10 complexes at the level of a specific subcellular compartment, i.e., the nuclear envelope (NE). By this means, we could show that the amount of PKCζ·Bcl10 complexes localized at the NE of C4-I cells during proliferation or after treatment with VP-16 closely corresponded to our previous purely biochemical results. Hence, the present findings demonstrate that the combination of in situ PLA with classical IF detection is a novel powerful analytical tool allowing to morphologically demonstrate new specific protein–protein interactions at level of subcellular organelles, the complexes functions of which can next be clarified through proteomic/ biochemical approaches.
In situ proximity ligation assay; Protein– protein interaction; Protein imaging; Nuclear envelope; Confocal microscopy; Subcellular localization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/758361
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