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|Titolo:||Improved high-performance liquid chromatographic determination with amperometric detection of alpha-amanitin in human plasma based on its voltammetric study|
|Autori interni:||TAGLIARO, Franco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY|
|Abstract:||A sensitive and simple method is described for the selective determination in human plasma of alpha-amanitin, the most poisonous and prevalent toxin in the lethal fungi of species Amanita, using high-performance liquid chromatography with amperometric detection. After an extraction of plasma with disposable C18 silica cartridges, the extracts were separated by isocratic reversed-phase chromatography using a macroporous poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) column and a mobile phase of 0.05 M phosphate buffer-acetonitrile (91:9) at the apparent pH of 9.5. Amperometric detection was performed by applying an oxidation potential as low as +350 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) to a glassy carbon electrode, in a thin-layer flow-cell. The linear range for alpha-amanitin was 3-200 ng/ml, and the relative limit of detection in plasma was 2 ng/ml at a signal-to-noise ratio of 2. The intra-assay precision was evaluated at levels of 10 and 200 ng/ml; the coefficients of variation were 4.5 and 2.6% (n = 5), respectively. Inter-assay coefficients of variation were 6.5 and 4.2% (n = 5) for the same concentrations of toxin. These analytical conditions have been chosen on the basis of a preliminary in batch cyclic voltammetric investigation of alpha-, beta- and gamma-amanitins, which has allowed their oxidation process to be clarified and the pH dependence of their oxidation potentials to be determined. All three amanitins are oxidized at the same potential values, and adsorption onto the electrode surface of both reactant and products was found in all cases. This adsorption did not affect the signal recorded for alpha- and gamma-amanitins at the amperometric detector, and for beta-amanitin a stronger adsorption for the anodic product was found, which leads to a marked positive shift of the potential required for the oxidation of this isomer in the amperometric detector cell.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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