BACKGROUND:International consensus diagnostic criteria (ICDC) have been proposed to classify autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) in type 1, type 2, or not otherwise specified.OBJECTIVE:Aim was to apply the ICDC to an Italian series of patients to evaluate the incidence and clinical profiles among different subtypes of AIP.METHODS:we re-evaluated and classified 92 patients diagnosed by Verona criteria, according to the ICDC.RESULTS:Out of 92 patients, 59 (64%) were diagnosed as type 1, 17 (18%) as type 2, and 15 (16%) as not otherwise specified according to the ICDC. A significant difference between type 1 and type 2 were found for age (54.5 ± 14.5 vs. 34.4 ± 13.9 respectively; p < 0.0001), male sex (76 vs. 47%; p = 0.007), jaundice (66 vs. 18%; p = 0.002) and acute pancreatitis (9 vs. 47%; p < 0.0001), elevated serum IgG4 levels (85 vs. 7%; p < 0.0001), inflammatory bowel disease (8 vs. 82%; < 0.0001), and relapse of the disease (34 vs. 6%; p = 0.058). Imaging and response to steroids in the not-otherwise-specified group were similar to type 1 and 2.CONCLUSIONS:Type 1 has a different clinical profile from type 2 autoimmune pancreatitis. The not-otherwise-specified group has peculiar clinical features which are shared both with type 1 or type 2 groups.

Application of international consensus diagnostic criteria to an Italian series of autoimmune pancreatitis

Manfredi R.;Zamboni G.;Negrelli R.;Capelli P.;Amodio A.;Caliò A.;Gabbrielli A.;Benini L.;Vantini I.;Frulloni L.
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND:International consensus diagnostic criteria (ICDC) have been proposed to classify autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) in type 1, type 2, or not otherwise specified.OBJECTIVE:Aim was to apply the ICDC to an Italian series of patients to evaluate the incidence and clinical profiles among different subtypes of AIP.METHODS:we re-evaluated and classified 92 patients diagnosed by Verona criteria, according to the ICDC.RESULTS:Out of 92 patients, 59 (64%) were diagnosed as type 1, 17 (18%) as type 2, and 15 (16%) as not otherwise specified according to the ICDC. A significant difference between type 1 and type 2 were found for age (54.5 ± 14.5 vs. 34.4 ± 13.9 respectively; p < 0.0001), male sex (76 vs. 47%; p = 0.007), jaundice (66 vs. 18%; p = 0.002) and acute pancreatitis (9 vs. 47%; p < 0.0001), elevated serum IgG4 levels (85 vs. 7%; p < 0.0001), inflammatory bowel disease (8 vs. 82%; < 0.0001), and relapse of the disease (34 vs. 6%; p = 0.058). Imaging and response to steroids in the not-otherwise-specified group were similar to type 1 and 2.CONCLUSIONS:Type 1 has a different clinical profile from type 2 autoimmune pancreatitis. The not-otherwise-specified group has peculiar clinical features which are shared both with type 1 or type 2 groups.
Autoimmunity; Diagnosis; Imaging; Pancreatic diseases; Pathology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/740961
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