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|Titolo:||A direct injection high-performance liquid chromatographic method with electrochemical detection for the determination of ethanol and methanol in plasma using an alcohol oxidase reactor|
|Autori interni:||TAGLIARO, Franco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY|
|Abstract:||A highly sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for ethanol and methanol in plasma, using a post-column enzymic reactor with electrochemical detection, has been developed. The alcohols, separated on the column, were converted by immobilized alcohol oxidase into their respective aldehydes with formation of stoichiometric amounts of hydrogen peroxide, detected via oxidation at a platinum electrode. As the chromatographic column, two glass cartridges (150 mm x 3 mm I.D.) in series, packed with 10 microns HEMA-S 1000 packing, were used. Alcohol oxidase from Candida boidinii was immobilized onto HEMA-BIO 1000 VS-L (10 microns), packed in a 30 mm x 3 mm I.D. glass cartridge. The reaction product, hydrogen peroxide, was detected with an amperometric detector with a platinum electrode, operated at +500 mV vs. an Ag/AgCl reference electrode. A 20-microliters volume of ten-fold diluted plasma was injected without any pre-treatment. Under the described conditions, methanol and ethanol were well resolved from each other and from the "front" of the chromatogram. The limit of detection was ca. 2.5 nmol for ethanol and 0.6 nmol for methanol in plasma, at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. Excellent linearity was observed for ethanol, in the range 0.125-4 micrograms injected (r = 0.9999). In contrast, the response for methanol was markedly non-linear above 500 micrograms injected, presumably owing to progressive saturation of the reactor. The precision and accuracy of the assay were satisfactory, as was the reactor life (one month).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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