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|Titolo:||Immunoreactive "calcitonin-like" material in heroin addicts: varying reactivity with different antibodies|
|Autori interni:||TAGLIARO, Franco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE|
|Abstract:||High levels of immunoreactive calcitonin (iCT) in the blood of heroin addicts were previously reported. As it is well known that multiple forms of calcitonin exist in the blood and in tissues, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the immunological nature of the CT-like immunoreactive material found in the blood of these subjects. We investigated 25 addicts, who had been using heroin for more than one year and were hospitalized for a 2 week detoxication program. Blood samples were drawn at the start of the program (when the subjects were still on heroin) and after 5 and 12 days of abstinence from heroin. Twenty-five healthy subjects served as controls. We used 2 commercial RIA kits, calibrated against the same reference material (WHO 70-234), but employing different antisera. One antiserum substantially confirmed the previous findings of increased levels of calcitonin during heroin use, but the other seemed to exclude any change in the hormone concentrations. This suggests that the "calcitonin like" material found in heroin addicts contains some epitopes similar to those found in the calcitonin standard which are detected by the first antiserum. However it lacks other epitopes which are also present in calcitonin standard and which are recognized by the second antiserum. Therefore, this substance seems to be different from the standard human calcitonin 1-32. A possible involvement of a calcitonin analogue (precursor or metabolite) in the biochemical changes occurring during chronic opiate use is suggested.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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