Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) is the best known marker for squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix as well as of the lung, oesophagus, head and neck and anal canal. Elevated levels of cytokeratin 19-fragments (CYFRA 21-1) have recently been detected in a large proportion of patients with non small cell cancer of the lung, and in particular of those with squamous cell carcinoma. Serum levels of CYFRA 21-1 (cut-off = 1.06 ng/mL) and SCC (cut-off = 2 ng/mL) were measured in blood samples collected before treatment from 15 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 56 patients with cervical cancer, 48 patients with endometrial cancer, and 361 patients with benign uterine diseases. Serum CYFRA 21-1 values in patients with CIN were superimposable on those detected in patients with benign uterine diseases. Conversely, serum CYFRA 21-1 levels were higher in patients with cervical cancer (p < 0.05) and in patients with endometrial cancer (p < 0.05) than in those with benign uterine diseases. There was no significant difference in serum CYFRA 21-1 levels between cervical and endometrial cancer, and, as regards cervical cancer, there was no significant difference in antigen values between squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Among patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, CYFRA 21-1 values correlated with FIGO stage (stage IIb-IV vs stage Ib-IIa, p = 0.0303). Elevated CYFRA 21-1 levels were found in 20.0% of patients with CIN, in 41.7% of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, in 62.5% of patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix, in 45.8% of patients with endometrial cancer, and in 13% of patients with benign uterine diseases. Serum SCC was more sensitive than serum CYFRA 21-1 for both early and advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix; these preliminary data seem to show that serum CYFRA 21-1 is of limited value for the management of patients with this malignancy.

Serum CYFRA 21-1 assay in squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

FERDEGHINI, Marco;
1993

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) is the best known marker for squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix as well as of the lung, oesophagus, head and neck and anal canal. Elevated levels of cytokeratin 19-fragments (CYFRA 21-1) have recently been detected in a large proportion of patients with non small cell cancer of the lung, and in particular of those with squamous cell carcinoma. Serum levels of CYFRA 21-1 (cut-off = 1.06 ng/mL) and SCC (cut-off = 2 ng/mL) were measured in blood samples collected before treatment from 15 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 56 patients with cervical cancer, 48 patients with endometrial cancer, and 361 patients with benign uterine diseases. Serum CYFRA 21-1 values in patients with CIN were superimposable on those detected in patients with benign uterine diseases. Conversely, serum CYFRA 21-1 levels were higher in patients with cervical cancer (p < 0.05) and in patients with endometrial cancer (p < 0.05) than in those with benign uterine diseases. There was no significant difference in serum CYFRA 21-1 levels between cervical and endometrial cancer, and, as regards cervical cancer, there was no significant difference in antigen values between squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Among patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, CYFRA 21-1 values correlated with FIGO stage (stage IIb-IV vs stage Ib-IIa, p = 0.0303). Elevated CYFRA 21-1 levels were found in 20.0% of patients with CIN, in 41.7% of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, in 62.5% of patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix, in 45.8% of patients with endometrial cancer, and in 13% of patients with benign uterine diseases. Serum SCC was more sensitive than serum CYFRA 21-1 for both early and advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix; these preliminary data seem to show that serum CYFRA 21-1 is of limited value for the management of patients with this malignancy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/7340
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