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|Titolo:||Capillary electrophoresis for the investigation of illicit drugs in hair: determination of cocaine and morphine|
|Autori interni:||TAGLIARO, Franco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY|
|Abstract:||Toxicological analysis of hair is becoming a popular method for investigating past, chronic use of illicit drugs. Several analytical methods using immunometry, chromatography and mass spectrometry have been reported. In this work, capillary electrophoresis was first used for the determination of illicit drugs, such as cocaine and morphine, in the hair of heroin and cocaine users. After rapid washing, hair samples were incubated overnight in 0.25 M HCl at 45 degrees C and the mixtures were extracted with ready-to-use Toxi-tubes A. The organic phase was evaporated and the residue dissolved in a suitable amount of electrophoresis buffer. Free zone capillary electrophoretic determinations of morphine, the main heroin metabolite, and cocaine were accomplished in 0.05 M borate buffer (pH 9.2) at a potential of 15,000 V, with UV detection at 214 and 238 nm, respectively. The use of the less selective wavelength of 200 nm allowed the simultaneous detection of both compounds. Efficient separations (up to 350,000 theoretical plates) and accurate and precise determinations (intra-day R.S.D.s in the range 3-5%) of cocaine and morphine in hair extracts were easily achieved. The analytical sensitivity was sufficient to determinate as little as 0.15 ng/mg of cocaine and morphine in hair using 100-mg samples. Interferences from more than 90 therapeutic drugs and drugs of abuse were excluded.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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