Although the etiologic difference in pathogenic properties of HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 still remains unclear, it has been suggested that it could be attributed to the differential structure and activities of their transactivating Tax proteins. Tax-1 and Tax-2, although having 85% amino acid (aa) similarity, present phenotypic differences consistent with a more robust transformation capacity of Tax-1. Interestingly, the HTLV-2C Brazilian variant present in Amerindians and in IDU from urban areas is genotypically close to HTLV-2A but Tax-2C possesses an additional 25aa in the C-terminal region similar to that of Tax-2B. We have already demonstrated that Tax-1 and Tax-2B have several common domains, but present differential cellular distribution. To add some information concerning the structure and site domains present in Tax-2C we conducted the present study. We have obtained the Tax-2C sequence from 25 different HTLV-2C subjects and analyzed the aminoacid homology between Tax-2B and Tax-2C variants. We found that they differ for amino acidic substitutions in eleven different positions that may affect cellular localization or post-translational modification. Studies on phenotypic properties and cellular localization of Tax-2C are in progress.

Molecular characterization of a Tax-2C protein variant identified in Brazilian subjects infected by HTLV-2C

BERTAZZONI, Umberto;ROMANELLI, Maria
2014

Abstract

Although the etiologic difference in pathogenic properties of HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 still remains unclear, it has been suggested that it could be attributed to the differential structure and activities of their transactivating Tax proteins. Tax-1 and Tax-2, although having 85% amino acid (aa) similarity, present phenotypic differences consistent with a more robust transformation capacity of Tax-1. Interestingly, the HTLV-2C Brazilian variant present in Amerindians and in IDU from urban areas is genotypically close to HTLV-2A but Tax-2C possesses an additional 25aa in the C-terminal region similar to that of Tax-2B. We have already demonstrated that Tax-1 and Tax-2B have several common domains, but present differential cellular distribution. To add some information concerning the structure and site domains present in Tax-2C we conducted the present study. We have obtained the Tax-2C sequence from 25 different HTLV-2C subjects and analyzed the aminoacid homology between Tax-2B and Tax-2C variants. We found that they differ for amino acidic substitutions in eleven different positions that may affect cellular localization or post-translational modification. Studies on phenotypic properties and cellular localization of Tax-2C are in progress.
HTLV; Tax proteins; retrovirus
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/701363
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact