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|Titolo:||Urinary elastase 1 in chronic pancreatic disease|
|Autori interni:||BENINI, Luigi|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Abstract:||Serum and urine elastase 1, its renal output and clearance and urinary gamma-glutamyltransferase and ribonuclease excretions were measured in 16 patients with pancreatic cancer, 23 with chronic pancreatitis and in 22 healthy controls in order to evaluate elastase 1 plasma-urine transfer in chronic pancreatic disease and to investigate any factors that might influence the clearance of this enzyme. In an additional group of 17 patients with different pancreatic diseases the serum molecular size distribution of elastase 1 after chromatography was ascertained. An increased urinary elastase 1 output was found in 4/16 patients with pancreatic cancer and in 6/23 with chronic pancreatitis. No correlation was found between circulating elastase 1 and its urinary output; a negative correlation was detected between the serum levels of this enzyme and its clearance. The excretion of ribonuclease and gamma-glutamyltransferase was correlated with elastase 1 output and clearance. While the majority of elastase 1 in serum was accounted for by high molecular forms, probably the expression of complexes with serum inhibitors, free circulating enzyme was present in all patients with high serum elastase 1. Our findings suggest that elastase 1 urinary excretion increases in some patients with chronic pancreatic disease regardless of the neoplastic or inflammatory nature of the illness. Although the availability of different amounts of ultrafiltrable enzyme may play a role in influencing elastase 1 plasma-urine transfer, renal tubular damage appears to be the most important factor influencing the increase in the urinary output of elastase 1.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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