BACKGROUND. Aortic root replacement is a complex surgical procedure which has undergone major technical modifications with time. In order to assess the early and long-term outcome after aortic root replacement with this procedure, our entire experience of a two decade period was reviewed. METHODS. Between January 1979 and March 1997, 156 aortic root replacement operations were performed. One hundred and twenty five patients (80%) were male and 31 female; their mean age was 50 ± 16 years. Diagnosis was annuloaortic ectasia in 79 patients, aortic dissection in 51 (acute 22, chronic 29), isolated aortic valve pathology in 24 and aneurysm of sinus of valsalva in 5. Thirty nine patients had aortic root replacement using the standard 'Bentall' technique, 73 using the 'modified Bentall' technique, 15 using the Cabrol technique. Biologic substitutes of the aortic root were used in 29 patients (19 autografts, 4 homografts, 6 xenografts). Mean follow-up time was 41 ± 40 months (range 1 month. 18 years). RESULTS. There were 12 (7.6%) hospital deaths. Hospital mortality in elective cases was 5% (7/134) and 22% (5/22) in emergent (p = 0.01). A trend toward reduced early mortality was demonstrated in recent years. Mortality was 5% for the 'modified Bentall' group, 3% for the 'Biologic root' group, 10% for the 'Bentall' group and 20% for the 'Cabrol' group. Hospital mortality was significant higher in 'Carbol' group than in 'modified Bentall' group (p = 0.04). The overall long-term survival rate was 78 ± 4% at 5 years, 71 ± 6% at 10 years and 51 ± 13% at 15 years. No significant difference in survival rate nor freedom from complications was observed among patient groups. Need for reoperation and valve-related adverse events become prevalent after 10 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION. The decrease in early mortality and the satisfying late results demonstrate that aortic root replacement is a low risk surgical procedure and an effective and durable treatment. The availability of biologic substitutes for the aortic root has allowed the extension of this operation to all patient age group, with results comparable to these obtained with composite grafts.
|Titolo:||Aortic root replacement: twenty years of experience|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|