Aim To evaluate the impact of elevated alanine aminotransferase levels on liver stiffness assessment by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography. Methods A multicentre retrospective study including 1242 patients with chronic liver disease, who underwent liver biopsy and Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse. Transient Elastography was also performed in 512 patients. Results The best Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse cut-off for predicting significant fibrosis was 1.29 m/s in cases with normal alanine aminotransferase levels and 1.44 m/s in patients with alanine aminotransferase levels > 5× the upper limit of normal. The best cut-off for predicting liver cirrhosis were 1.59 and 1.75 m/s, respectively. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse cut-off for predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis were relatively similar in patients with normal alanine aminotransferase and in those with alanine aminotransferase levels between 1.1 and 5× the upper limit of normal: 1.29 m/s vs. 1.36 m/s and 1.59 m/s vs. 1.57 m/s, respectively. For predicting cirrhosis, the Transient Elastography cut-offs were significantly higher in patients with alanine aminotransferase levels between 1.1 and 5× the upper limit of normal compared to those with normal alanine aminotransferase: 12.3 kPa vs. 9.1 kPa. Conclusion Liver stiffness values assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Transient Elastography are influenced by high aminotransferase levels. Transient Elastography was also influenced by moderately elevated aminotransferase levels.

The influence of aminotransferase levels on liver stiffness assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography: A retrospective multicentre study

D'ONOFRIO, Mirko;
2013

Abstract

Aim To evaluate the impact of elevated alanine aminotransferase levels on liver stiffness assessment by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography. Methods A multicentre retrospective study including 1242 patients with chronic liver disease, who underwent liver biopsy and Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse. Transient Elastography was also performed in 512 patients. Results The best Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse cut-off for predicting significant fibrosis was 1.29 m/s in cases with normal alanine aminotransferase levels and 1.44 m/s in patients with alanine aminotransferase levels > 5× the upper limit of normal. The best cut-off for predicting liver cirrhosis were 1.59 and 1.75 m/s, respectively. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse cut-off for predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis were relatively similar in patients with normal alanine aminotransferase and in those with alanine aminotransferase levels between 1.1 and 5× the upper limit of normal: 1.29 m/s vs. 1.36 m/s and 1.59 m/s vs. 1.57 m/s, respectively. For predicting cirrhosis, the Transient Elastography cut-offs were significantly higher in patients with alanine aminotransferase levels between 1.1 and 5× the upper limit of normal compared to those with normal alanine aminotransferase: 12.3 kPa vs. 9.1 kPa. Conclusion Liver stiffness values assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Transient Elastography are influenced by high aminotransferase levels. Transient Elastography was also influenced by moderately elevated aminotransferase levels.
Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography, Aminotransferase levels, Liver fibrosis, Liver stiffness, Transient Elastography
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/617951
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