Objective: To compare the outcome of manual needle placement, electrical stimulation and ultrasonography-guided techniques for botulinum toxin injection into the forearm muscles of adults with arm spasticity. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: University hospital. Subjects: Sixty chronic stroke patients with wrist and fingers spasticity. Intervention: After randomization into three groups, each patient received botulinum toxin type A in at least two of these muscles: flexor carpi radialis and ulnaris, flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus (no fascicles selection). The manual needle placement group underwent injections using palpation; the electrical stimulation group received injections with electrical stimulation guidance; the ultrasonography group was injected under sonographic guidance. A sole injector was used. Main measures: All patients were evaluated at baseline and four weeks after injection. Outcomes: Modified Ashworth Scale; Tardieu Scale; wrist and fingers passive range of motion. Results: One month after injection, Modified Ashworth Scale scores improved more in the electrical stimulation group than the manual needle placement group (wrist: P = 0.014; fingers: P = 0.011), as well as the Tardieu angle (wrist: P = 0.008; fingers: P = 0.015) and passive range of motion (wrist: P = 0.004). Furthermore, Modified Ashworth Scale scores improved more in the ultrasonography group than in the manual needle placement group (wrist: P = 0.001; fingers: P = 0.003), as well as the Tardieu angle (wrist: P = 0.010; fingers: P = 0.001) and passive range of motion (wrist: P < 0.001; proximal interphalangeal joints: P = 0.009). No difference was found between the ultrasonography and electrical stimulation groups. Conclusions: Instrumental guidance may improve the outcome of botulinum toxin injections into the spastic forearm muscles of stroke patients.

Botulinum toxin injection into the forearm muscles for wrist and fingers spastic overactivity in adults with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial comparing three injection techniques.

PICELLI, Alessandro;MIDIRI, Alessandro;PRANDI, PAOLO;Melotti, Camilla;BALDESSARELLI, Silvia;SMANIA, Nicola
2014

Abstract

Objective: To compare the outcome of manual needle placement, electrical stimulation and ultrasonography-guided techniques for botulinum toxin injection into the forearm muscles of adults with arm spasticity. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: University hospital. Subjects: Sixty chronic stroke patients with wrist and fingers spasticity. Intervention: After randomization into three groups, each patient received botulinum toxin type A in at least two of these muscles: flexor carpi radialis and ulnaris, flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus (no fascicles selection). The manual needle placement group underwent injections using palpation; the electrical stimulation group received injections with electrical stimulation guidance; the ultrasonography group was injected under sonographic guidance. A sole injector was used. Main measures: All patients were evaluated at baseline and four weeks after injection. Outcomes: Modified Ashworth Scale; Tardieu Scale; wrist and fingers passive range of motion. Results: One month after injection, Modified Ashworth Scale scores improved more in the electrical stimulation group than the manual needle placement group (wrist: P = 0.014; fingers: P = 0.011), as well as the Tardieu angle (wrist: P = 0.008; fingers: P = 0.015) and passive range of motion (wrist: P = 0.004). Furthermore, Modified Ashworth Scale scores improved more in the ultrasonography group than in the manual needle placement group (wrist: P = 0.001; fingers: P = 0.003), as well as the Tardieu angle (wrist: P = 0.010; fingers: P = 0.001) and passive range of motion (wrist: P < 0.001; proximal interphalangeal joints: P = 0.009). No difference was found between the ultrasonography and electrical stimulation groups. Conclusions: Instrumental guidance may improve the outcome of botulinum toxin injections into the spastic forearm muscles of stroke patients.
rehabilitation; forearm; Hand; muscle hypertonia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/607952
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