Drug addiction can be a devastating and chronic relapsing disorder with social, psychological and physical consequences, and more effective treatment options are needed. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that has been assessed in a growing number of studies for its therapeutic potential in treating addiction. This review paper offers an overview on the current state of clinical research in treating drug addiction with rTMS. Because of the limited research in this area, all studies (including case reports) that evaluated the therapeutic use of rTMS in nicotine, alcohol or illicit drug addiction were included in this review. Papers published prior to December 2012 were found through an NCBI PubMed search (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). A total of eleven studies were identified that met review criteria. There is nascent evidence that rTMS could be effective in reducing cocaine craving, and nicotine and alcohol craving and consumption, and might represent a potential therapeutic tool for treating addiction. Further studies are needed to identify the optimal parameters of stimulation for the most effective treatment of drug addiction, to improve our comprehension of the treatment neurophysiological effects, and to conduct rigorous, controlled efficacy studies with adequate power.

rTMS in the treatment of drug addiction: An update about human studies.

BELLAMOLI, Elisa
;
MANGANOTTI, Paolo;
2014

Abstract

Drug addiction can be a devastating and chronic relapsing disorder with social, psychological and physical consequences, and more effective treatment options are needed. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that has been assessed in a growing number of studies for its therapeutic potential in treating addiction. This review paper offers an overview on the current state of clinical research in treating drug addiction with rTMS. Because of the limited research in this area, all studies (including case reports) that evaluated the therapeutic use of rTMS in nicotine, alcohol or illicit drug addiction were included in this review. Papers published prior to December 2012 were found through an NCBI PubMed search (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). A total of eleven studies were identified that met review criteria. There is nascent evidence that rTMS could be effective in reducing cocaine craving, and nicotine and alcohol craving and consumption, and might represent a potential therapeutic tool for treating addiction. Further studies are needed to identify the optimal parameters of stimulation for the most effective treatment of drug addiction, to improve our comprehension of the treatment neurophysiological effects, and to conduct rigorous, controlled efficacy studies with adequate power.
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS); addiction; nicotine; alcohol; cocaine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/594354
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