Despite extensive ex vivo investigation, the spatiotemporal organization of immune cells interacting with virus-infected cells in tissues remains uncertain. To address this, we used intravital multiphoton microscopy to visualize immune cell interactions with virus-infected cells following epicutaneous vaccinia virus (VV) infection of mice. VV infects keratinocytes in epidermal foci and numerous migratory dermal inflammatory monocytes that outlie the foci. We observed Ly6G(+) innate immune cells infiltrating and controlling foci, while CD8(+) T cells remained on the periphery killing infected monocytes. Most antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells in the skin did not interact with virus-infected cells. Blocking the generation of reactive nitrogen species relocated CD8(+) T cells into foci, modestly reducing viral titers. Depletion of Ly6G(+) and CD8(+) cells dramatically increased viral titers, consistent with their synergistic but spatially segregated viral clearance activities. These findings highlight previously unappreciated differences in the anatomic specialization of antiviral immune cell subsets. Comment in: Getting in front and behind the enemy lines to counter virus infection. [Cell Host Microbe. 2013]

Anatomically restricted synergistic antiviral activities of innate and adaptive immune cells in the skin.

Bronte, Vincenzo;
2013

Abstract

Despite extensive ex vivo investigation, the spatiotemporal organization of immune cells interacting with virus-infected cells in tissues remains uncertain. To address this, we used intravital multiphoton microscopy to visualize immune cell interactions with virus-infected cells following epicutaneous vaccinia virus (VV) infection of mice. VV infects keratinocytes in epidermal foci and numerous migratory dermal inflammatory monocytes that outlie the foci. We observed Ly6G(+) innate immune cells infiltrating and controlling foci, while CD8(+) T cells remained on the periphery killing infected monocytes. Most antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells in the skin did not interact with virus-infected cells. Blocking the generation of reactive nitrogen species relocated CD8(+) T cells into foci, modestly reducing viral titers. Depletion of Ly6G(+) and CD8(+) cells dramatically increased viral titers, consistent with their synergistic but spatially segregated viral clearance activities. These findings highlight previously unappreciated differences in the anatomic specialization of antiviral immune cell subsets. Comment in: Getting in front and behind the enemy lines to counter virus infection. [Cell Host Microbe. 2013]
reactive nitrogen species, Antigens; Ly, Chemokines, Ly6G antigen; mouse, Peroxynitrous Acid
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/588350
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 37
  • Scopus 50
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 47
social impact