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|Titolo:||Cloned fragment of diphtheria toxin linked to T cell-specific antibody identifies regions of B chain active in cell entry|
|Autori interni:||COLOMBATTI, Marco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1986|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY|
|Abstract:||The role of discrete domains of diphtheria toxin (DT) B chain in cytosol entry and cytotoxicity was investigated by linking a monoclonal antibody recognizing the human T cell-specific antigen T3 (UCHT1) to diphtheria toxin (UCHT1-DT), DT A subunit (UCHT1-DTA), or to a genetically engineered form of DT (UCHT1-MspSA) lacking the C-terminal 17-kDa portion of the B subunit. The N-terminal 21-kDa region of DT B chain increased toxicity of UCHT1-DTA 100-fold (UCHT1-MspSA) while addition of the C-terminal 17-kDa region (UCHT1-DT) increased toxicity 100-fold more. The cytotoxicity was dependent upon antibody binding as demonstrated by blocking toxicity with excess UCHT1. The differences in toxicity between these reagents were not due to differences in ADP-ribosylation activity of DT A chain, binding activity of the antibody moiety, extent of DT nicking, or the cross-linking method, so we conclude that the large differences in toxicity were due to the presence of different B chain domains. The large increase in toxicity by the C-terminal region of DT B did not appear to be caused by DT receptor binding. The lysosomotropic agent NH4Cl blocked the cytotoxic effect of DT, UCHT1-DT, and UCHT1-MspSA but not UCHT1-DTA.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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