The distribution of thalamic cells projecting to the head of the caudate and their interrelations with thalamo-cortical cells were studied in the cat with different combinations of fluorescent tracers. Injections in the head of the caudate were combined with the injections in the pericruciate, proreal, suprasylvian, anterior cingulate, occipital and ectosylvian cortices. The following results were obtained: (i) Injections in the head of the caudate resulted in retrograde labeling of thalamic cells medially and laterally to the anteromedial (AM) nucleus, and in the medioventral part of the ventral anterior (VA) nucleus. Further, labeled cells were distributed throughout the anterior intralaminar central medial (CeM), paracentral (Pc) and central lateral (CL) nuclei, and the posterior intralaminar center median-parafascicular complex (CM-Pf). Labeled cells were mainly grouped in the mediodorsal parts of the anterior intralaminar nuclei; they were also found in the more dorsal part of the mediodorsal (MD) nu cleus, ventral to the thalamic paraventricular (Pv) nucleus and to the habenular complex. (ii) Thalamo-cortical and thalamo-caudate cells overlapped in the medial part of the VA; in the anterior intralaminar nuclei they were either intermingled or were distributed in separate clusters or longitudinal bands. The two cell populations also overlapped in the posterior intralaminar complex. The greatest overlap occurred with the thalamic cell population projecting to the pericruciate cortex. (iii) Thalamic cells bifurcating to the head of the caudate and to the pericruciate cortex were found lateral to the AM, within the VA, and throughout the anterior intralaminar nuclei, especially in the CeM and in the posterior part of the CL; a few branched cells were also found in the CM. Thalamic cells bifurcating to caudate and anterior suprasylvian cortex were also found in the VA. Very few cells (scattered in the anterior thalamus lateral to the AM, as well as in the CeM, Pc and CL) were found to bifurcate to the head of the caudate and the other cortical fields here examined.
|Titolo:||The thalamo-caudate versus thalamo-cortical projections as studied in the cat with fluorescent retrograde double labeling|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1984|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|