The ependymal lining of the diencephalic third ventricle is known to exhibit significant variation in zonal architecture and the relations of neurites to the ventricular surface in different regions remains obscure. The present study explores the fine structural organization of the ependymal region of the thalamic paraventricular nucleus. Methodology was developed for tracing neurites of cells retrogradely labelled with horseradish peroxidase based on our recent observation that paraventricular neurons projecting to the amygdaloid complex cluster near the ventricle and emit numerous dendrites extending toward the ependymal surface. A relatively uniform population of cuboidal 'pale' ependymocytes dominates the ventricular lining of the thalamic paraventricular nucleus, although a few 'dark' ependymocytes are interspersed. The subependymal region displays a variety of glial elements. Dendrites of thalamic paraventricular projection neurons terminate in proximity to the ependymal layer from which they are ge nerally separated by thin cytoplasmic processes of putative astrocytes, and few indent the basal portion of ependymal cells. Thin 'terminal' (i.e., serially traced) horseradish peroxidase-labelled dendrites filled with lipid and lysosome-like dense bodies were often enveloped by astrocyte membrane whorls. This feature may constitute a reactive glial response in horseradish peroxidase-labelled dendritic terminals. A distinctive arrangement of tortuous astrocyte leaflets was insinuated between the basal portion of ependymocytes in a zone exhibiting numerous caveolae, apparently isolating neurites from direct contact with the cerebrospinal fluid. These findings indicate that the ependymal region of the thalamic paraventricular nucleus is not characterized by those features of the basal third ventricle suspected to confer neuroendocrine interaction between neurons and cerebrospinal fluid. The structural arrangement between ependymocytes and thalamic paraventricular projection cells indicate a specialized relation of these neurons with the ependymal interface, but apparently not directly with the overlying cerebrospinal fluid.
|Titolo:||Fine structural organization of the ependymal region of the paraventricular nucleus of the rat thalamus and its relation with projection neurons|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|