We have evaluated the sensitivity to immunotoxins (IT) of monolayer and of 200-250 microns multicellular tumor spheroid (MTS) cultures obtained with human breast (MCF7) and glioblastoma (U118) tumor cells and with rat glioblastoma (9L) cells. Monolayer MCF7 and U118 cells were highly sensitive to antitransferrin receptor (anti-TfnR) ricin A chain (RTA)-IT (Tfn-RTA and MAb OKT9-RTA) treatment in the presence of the intracellular RTA-IT enhancing agent human serum albumin-monensin (HSA-Mo) conjugate. A 790- to 2000-fold higher concentration of anti-TfnR IT was instead required to reduce by 50% the volume of individually treated MCF7 spheroids, as evaluated by applying the Gompertz growth model. Monolayer 9L cells showed 230- to 5700-fold lower sensitivity to Tfn-RTA IT than MCF7 and U118 monolayers, yet 9L spheroid cells were almost as sensitive to anti-TfnR IT as monolayer 9L cultures. Binding studies performed with [125I]-Tfn and FITC-labelled anti-TfnR MAb revealed that 9L monolayers and MTS expressed 4.1-fold and 8.8-fold lower amounts of TfnR than MCF7 monolayers and MTS, respectively. However, Tfn bound to TfnR sites of 9L and of MCF7 cells with comparable affinity. Experiments carried out with the diphtheria toxin mutant CRM107 linked to Tfn confirmed the pattern observed with RTA-IT. Monolayers and spheroids showed no considerable differences in sensitivity to ricin toxin. Collectively, these results indicated that the efficacy of IT against 3-D tumors is heavily influenced by the number of target Ag expressed by the tumor cells, as well as by the affinity of IT/toxin-cell interaction.

Cytoreductive effects of anti-transferrin receptor immunotoxin in a multicellular tumor spheroid model

CHIGNOLA, Roberto;A. Franceschi;TRIDENTE, Giuseppe;COLOMBATTI, Marco
1994

Abstract

We have evaluated the sensitivity to immunotoxins (IT) of monolayer and of 200-250 microns multicellular tumor spheroid (MTS) cultures obtained with human breast (MCF7) and glioblastoma (U118) tumor cells and with rat glioblastoma (9L) cells. Monolayer MCF7 and U118 cells were highly sensitive to antitransferrin receptor (anti-TfnR) ricin A chain (RTA)-IT (Tfn-RTA and MAb OKT9-RTA) treatment in the presence of the intracellular RTA-IT enhancing agent human serum albumin-monensin (HSA-Mo) conjugate. A 790- to 2000-fold higher concentration of anti-TfnR IT was instead required to reduce by 50% the volume of individually treated MCF7 spheroids, as evaluated by applying the Gompertz growth model. Monolayer 9L cells showed 230- to 5700-fold lower sensitivity to Tfn-RTA IT than MCF7 and U118 monolayers, yet 9L spheroid cells were almost as sensitive to anti-TfnR IT as monolayer 9L cultures. Binding studies performed with [125I]-Tfn and FITC-labelled anti-TfnR MAb revealed that 9L monolayers and MTS expressed 4.1-fold and 8.8-fold lower amounts of TfnR than MCF7 monolayers and MTS, respectively. However, Tfn bound to TfnR sites of 9L and of MCF7 cells with comparable affinity. Experiments carried out with the diphtheria toxin mutant CRM107 linked to Tfn confirmed the pattern observed with RTA-IT. Monolayers and spheroids showed no considerable differences in sensitivity to ricin toxin. Collectively, these results indicated that the efficacy of IT against 3-D tumors is heavily influenced by the number of target Ag expressed by the tumor cells, as well as by the affinity of IT/toxin-cell interaction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/566
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