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|Titolo:||Generation of superoxide anion by alveolar macrophages in sarcoidosis: evidence for the activation of the oxygen metabolism in patients with high-intensity alveolitis|
|Autori interni:||CASSATELLA, Marco Antonio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Abstract:||We studied superoxide anion (O2) generation by alveolar macrophages (AM) isolated from bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL) of patients with sarcoidosis, and assayed immediately after the isolation or after maintenance in culture for 2 days. In assays of cells freshly isolated from BAL, AM of patients with active sarcoidosis with a high-intensity lymphocytic alveolitis produced more O2- in response to phorbol myristate acetate than AM of patients with inactive sarcoidosis. Also, after 2 days of cultivation sarcoid AM were heterogeneous in their capability to metabolize oxygen, although both AM of active and inactive sarcoid patients produced higher amounts of O2- than AM of healthy subjects. In vitro treatment with recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) caused an enhancement of the capability of AM of inactive sarcoid patients to produce O2- in response to PMA. AM of patients with active sarcoidosis did not respond to rIFN-gamma when they already produced O2- vigorously. However, they became sensitive to the|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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