Repair of congenital aortic valve (CAV) lesions may be achieved by creation of either tricuspid or bicuspid valve morphology. To define feasibility and outcome of CAV repair by bicuspidization a 10-year experience was reviewed.Between January 2002 and December 2011, 147 consecutive patients underwent operation for CAV insufficiency; 58 had valve or root repair (group 1) and 89 had valve or root replacement (group 2). Patients having repair were younger (42.9 vs 51.3 years, p=0.001), with lesser prevalence of severe insufficiency (72\% vs 90\%, p=0.002). In patients having repair, morphology of CAV was bicuspid in 51, monocuspid in 4, and quadricuspid in 3, whereas in the replacement group it was bicuspid in 87 and quadricuspid in 2 (p=0.04). Surgery consisted of an isolated aortic valve procedure in 20 versus 45 patients, associated with aortic root or ascending aortic repair in 38 versus 44 patients, in group 1 versus 2 (p=0.04).There were no hospital and 3 late deaths during a mean follow-up of 3.8±2.5 years (range 0.2 to 10.0). Eight-year survival (89\%±10\% vs 97\%±2\% [p=0.7]), freedom from valve-related events (84\%±10\% vs 89\%±4\% [p=0.8]), and freedom from aortic valve reoperation (95\%±3\% vs 93\%±3\% [p=0.6]) were comparable. Risk factors for reoperation at univariate analysis were isolated valve surgery (p=0.001), Ross operation (p=0.001), and endocarditis (p=0.002). Follow-up echocardiography of repair patients showed mild or less aortic insufficiency in 51 (88\%) and mild or less stenosis in 57 (98\%).Valve repair by preservation or creation of bicuspid morphology is feasible in almost half of all comers with CAV insufficiency, with satisfactory and stable midterm functional outcome. Rates of valve-related adverse events and reoperation are similar to those of patients having replacement.
|Titolo:||Repair of congenitally dysplastic aortic valve by bicuspidization: midterm results.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|