Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) induce differentiation of human myeloid cell lines along the monocytic lineage. In this study we investigated the effects of TNF and IFN-gamma on the expression of the CD4 protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) in the two myeloid cell lines, ML3 and HL-60. We observed that CD4 antigen expression on ML3 cells is almost undetectable and that TNF and IFN-gamma induced CD4 antigen expression on these cells. HL-60 cells express surface CD4 antigen at high density and treatment with TNF and IFN-gamma caused a decrease of CD4 expression. We also investigated the expression of CD4 mRNA in ML3 and HL-60 cells. ML3 constitutively express, albeit at low levels, CD4 mRNA. TNF induced CD4 mRNA in ML3 cells and IFN-gamma synergistically potentiated the effect of TNF, thus indicating that the enhanced expression of the CD4 protein on ML3 cells is due, at least in part, to an enhanced accumulation of the CD4 mRNA. CD4 mRNA is constitutively expressed in HL-60 cells
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