In this study we examined the effect of myelin P2 protein on some proinflammatory functions exerted by human mononuclear phagocytes. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that P2 protein selectively induced in monocytes and macrophages mRNA accumulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin 8 (IL-8) in a time-dependent manner. Natural killer stimulating factor (IL-12) mRNA and protein secretion was strongly induced by lipopolysaccharide but not by P2 protein. Supernatants harvested from P2-stimulated monocytes contained significant amounts of TNF, IL-1 beta, and IL-8, whereas those from macrophages contained only TNF and IL-8. The effect of the P2 protein on TNF and IL-8 mRNA accumulation and secretion was not affected by polymyxin B, which, on the other hand, almost completely abolished the effect of lipopolysaccharide. Finally, P2 protein did not directly trigger hydrogen peroxide release but, through the induced release of TNF, potentiated monocyte respiratory bu
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