OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of intra-rectal coil magnetic resonance imaging (ER-MRI) for staging early prostate cancer (EPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: ER-MRI was performed with the Magnetom Symphony 1.5 Tesla system. ER-MRI and pathology findings were statistically correlated. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four consecutive patients underwent radical prostatectomy (RRP) for EPC (cT1c-2 Nx M0). An average age was 66, mean PSA 11.04 µg/L (median 7.33 µg/L) and mean pathologic Gleason score 6. Pathology detected 97 out of 154 patients (63 %) as EPC and 57 cases (37 %) as extra-prostate extension (EPED) (pT3) with extra-capsular extension (ECE) (pT3a) in 41 (27 %) and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) (pT3b) in 16 (10 %). ER-MRI staged 100 patients (65 %) as cT2 and 54 (35 %) as EPED with ECE in 37 cases (24 %) and SVI in 17 (11 %). ER-MRI sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, overall accuracy resulted respectively 0.78, 0.96, 0.86, 0.92, 0.91 for ECE as well as 0.88, 0.98, 0.82, 0.99 and 0.97 for SVI. CONCLUSION: ER-MRI was effective in detecting preoperative EPC under-staging. In the next future, multi-parametric 3-Tesla ER-MRI will be the procedure for diagnosing, staging and following-up prostate cancer patients.

Accuracy of preoperative endo-rectal coil magnetic resonance imaging in detecting clinical under-staging of localized prostate cancer.

PORCARO, Antonio Benito;GHIMENTON, CLAUDIO;MONTEMEZZI, STEFANIA
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of intra-rectal coil magnetic resonance imaging (ER-MRI) for staging early prostate cancer (EPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: ER-MRI was performed with the Magnetom Symphony 1.5 Tesla system. ER-MRI and pathology findings were statistically correlated. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four consecutive patients underwent radical prostatectomy (RRP) for EPC (cT1c-2 Nx M0). An average age was 66, mean PSA 11.04 µg/L (median 7.33 µg/L) and mean pathologic Gleason score 6. Pathology detected 97 out of 154 patients (63 %) as EPC and 57 cases (37 %) as extra-prostate extension (EPED) (pT3) with extra-capsular extension (ECE) (pT3a) in 41 (27 %) and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) (pT3b) in 16 (10 %). ER-MRI staged 100 patients (65 %) as cT2 and 54 (35 %) as EPED with ECE in 37 cases (24 %) and SVI in 17 (11 %). ER-MRI sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, overall accuracy resulted respectively 0.78, 0.96, 0.86, 0.92, 0.91 for ECE as well as 0.88, 0.98, 0.82, 0.99 and 0.97 for SVI. CONCLUSION: ER-MRI was effective in detecting preoperative EPC under-staging. In the next future, multi-parametric 3-Tesla ER-MRI will be the procedure for diagnosing, staging and following-up prostate cancer patients.
Prostate cancer; Magnetic resonance imaging with endo-rectal coil; PSA; Staging
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/525149
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