The human hepcidin-25 hormone has a key role in iron regulation in blood. The clinical relevance of this hepatic ∼2.8 kDa cysteine-rich peptide is rapidly increasing, since altered levels can be associated with inflammatory events and iron dysfunctions, such as hereditary hemochromatosis and iron overload. Moreover, hepcidin has also attracted the anti-doping field for its possible role as indirect marker of erythropoietin blood doping. Methods currently reported are based on immunoassays (ELISA and RIA), or various types of mass spectroscopy (MS)-based protocols, semi-quantitative or quantitative. Despite the great effort in optimizing robust and simple assays measuring hepcidin in real matrices, at present this challenge remains still an open issue. To explore the possibility to face hepcidin detection through the development of affinity-based biosensors, we set up a comparative study by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology. An immuno-based, on anti-hepcidin-25 IgG, and a biomimetic-based, on a synthetic peptide corresponding to the hepcidin-binding site on ferroportin (HBD), biosensors were developed. Here we report behaviors and analytical performances of the two systems, discussing limits and potentialities.

SPR detection of human hepcidin-25: A critical approach by immuno- and biomimetic-based biosensing

Vestri, Ambra;
2013

Abstract

The human hepcidin-25 hormone has a key role in iron regulation in blood. The clinical relevance of this hepatic ∼2.8 kDa cysteine-rich peptide is rapidly increasing, since altered levels can be associated with inflammatory events and iron dysfunctions, such as hereditary hemochromatosis and iron overload. Moreover, hepcidin has also attracted the anti-doping field for its possible role as indirect marker of erythropoietin blood doping. Methods currently reported are based on immunoassays (ELISA and RIA), or various types of mass spectroscopy (MS)-based protocols, semi-quantitative or quantitative. Despite the great effort in optimizing robust and simple assays measuring hepcidin in real matrices, at present this challenge remains still an open issue. To explore the possibility to face hepcidin detection through the development of affinity-based biosensors, we set up a comparative study by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology. An immuno-based, on anti-hepcidin-25 IgG, and a biomimetic-based, on a synthetic peptide corresponding to the hepcidin-binding site on ferroportin (HBD), biosensors were developed. Here we report behaviors and analytical performances of the two systems, discussing limits and potentialities.
Hepcidin, Iron regulation, SPR, Surface plasmon resonance, Anti-hepcidin IgG, Hepcidin binding domain, HBD
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/511750
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