The outer membrane permeability to meropenem and imipenem in Escherichia coli K-12 was investigated, and its porin-deficient mutants were transformed with a constructed vector carrying the carbapenem-hydrolyzing CphA metallo-beta-lactamase gene. By using the method of Zimmermann and Rosselet, meropenem was shown to penetrate through the outer membrane of E. coli K-12 five times faster than cephaloridine but twice as slowly as imipenem. Lack of one or both porins significantly reduced the penetration of both carbapenems. No evidence of specific porin pathways of the type described in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. Despite its slower penetration, meropenem was two to eight times more active than imipenem against both parent and porin-defective mutants, whether harbouring CphA beta-lactamase or not. Meropenem was also more active than imipenem against E. coli DC2, a strain with a breakdown in the outer membrane permeability which made periplasmic concentrations of beta-lactams similar to the external conc

Diffusion of meropenem and imipenem through the outer membrane of Escherichia coli K-12 and correlation with their antibacterial activities

CORNAGLIA, Giuseppe;FONTANA, Roberta;
1992

Abstract

The outer membrane permeability to meropenem and imipenem in Escherichia coli K-12 was investigated, and its porin-deficient mutants were transformed with a constructed vector carrying the carbapenem-hydrolyzing CphA metallo-beta-lactamase gene. By using the method of Zimmermann and Rosselet, meropenem was shown to penetrate through the outer membrane of E. coli K-12 five times faster than cephaloridine but twice as slowly as imipenem. Lack of one or both porins significantly reduced the penetration of both carbapenems. No evidence of specific porin pathways of the type described in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. Despite its slower penetration, meropenem was two to eight times more active than imipenem against both parent and porin-defective mutants, whether harbouring CphA beta-lactamase or not. Meropenem was also more active than imipenem against E. coli DC2, a strain with a breakdown in the outer membrane permeability which made periplasmic concentrations of beta-lactams similar to the external conc
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/5038
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