OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of tubes mixing (gentle vs. vigorous) on diagnostic blood specimens collected in vacuum tube systems by venipuncture.DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood was collected for routine coagulation, immunochemistry and hematological testing from one hundred volunteers into six vacuum tubes: two 3.6mL vacuum tubes containing 0.4mL of buffered sodium citrate (9NC) 0.109mol/L: 3.2W/V%; two 3.5mL vacuum tubes with clot activator and gel separator; and two 3.0mL vacuum tubes containing 5.9mg K(2)EDTA (Terumo Europe, Belgium). Immediately after the venipuncture all vacuum tubes (each of one additive type) were processed through two different procedures: i) Standard: blood specimens in K(2)EDTA- or sodium citrate-vacuum tubes were gently inverted five times whereas the specimens in tubes with clot activator and gel separator were gently inverted ten times, as recommended by the manufacturer; ii) Vigorous mix: all blood specimens were shaken up vigorously during 3-5s independently of the additive type inside the tubes. The significance of the differences between samples was assessed by Student's t-test or Wilcoxon ranked-pairs test after checking for normality. The level of statistical significance was set at P<0.05.RESULTS: No significant difference (P<0.05) was detected between the procedures for all tested parameters. Surprisingly only a visual alteration (presence of foam on the top) was shown by all the tubes mixed vigorously before centrifugation (Fig. 1 A, B and C). Moreover the serum tubes from vigorous mixing procedure shows a "blood ring" on the tube top after stopper removal (Fig. 1 D).CONCLUSION: Our results drop out a paradigm suggesting that the incorrect primary blood tubes mixing promotes laboratory variability. We suggest that similar evaluation should be done using other brands of vacuum tubes by each laboratory manager.
|Titolo:||Effects of vigorous mixing of blood vacuum tubes on laboratory test results.|
|Autori interni:||LIPPI, Giuseppe|
SALVAGNO, GIAN LUCA
De Souza Lima Oliveira, Gabriel
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|