Urinary metabolites were tested in 41 shoe-factory workers exposed to a mixture of 10 solvents among which "commercial hexane" was the prevailing component. Cyclohexanol, 2-methyl-2-pentanol, 3-methyl-2-pentanol, and trichloroethanol were determined in connection with exposure to cyclohexane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, and trichloroethylene, respectively. 2-Hexanol, 2,5-hexanedione, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and gamma-valerolactone were all determined in connection with n-hexane exposure only. 2,5-Hexanedione was the principal n-hexane metabolite found in the workers' urine. This finding of the experimentally proven neurotoxin 2,5-hexanedione in the urine of shoe-factory workers exposed to "commercial hexane" is consistent with the idea that this compound is responsible for the development of neuropathy in this group of individuals.

Neurotoxic metabolites of "commercial hexane" in the urine of shoe factory workers

PERBELLINI, Luigi;
1981

Abstract

Urinary metabolites were tested in 41 shoe-factory workers exposed to a mixture of 10 solvents among which "commercial hexane" was the prevailing component. Cyclohexanol, 2-methyl-2-pentanol, 3-methyl-2-pentanol, and trichloroethanol were determined in connection with exposure to cyclohexane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, and trichloroethylene, respectively. 2-Hexanol, 2,5-hexanedione, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and gamma-valerolactone were all determined in connection with n-hexane exposure only. 2,5-Hexanedione was the principal n-hexane metabolite found in the workers' urine. This finding of the experimentally proven neurotoxin 2,5-hexanedione in the urine of shoe-factory workers exposed to "commercial hexane" is consistent with the idea that this compound is responsible for the development of neuropathy in this group of individuals.
shoe-factory workers - 2-Hexanol - 2; 5-hexanedione - 2; 5-dimethylfuran - urine metabolites
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/4981
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