OBJECTIVE: To verify the hypothesis that intratympanic (IT) gentamicin (Gent) treatment in Ménière's disease (MD) is capable of reducing endolymphatic hydrops (EH), as evaluated by 3-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) sequence in a 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) unit, after IT gadolinium administration. PATIENTS: A total of 8 patients (5 men and 3 women; aged 40-78 yr; median, 60 yr) with definite MD participated in the investigation. The duration of the disease ranged from 1 to 10 years (median, 4 yr), with a prevalence of vertigo spells of 1 to 6 per month (median, 3.1), as calculated in the last 6 months. INTERVENTION: A 3D-FLAIR MRI was performed 24 hours after IT injection of diluted gadobutrol. Intratympanic Gent injection was performed in a period variable from 1 to 3 weeks after 3D-FLAIR MRI. A single-shot administration protocol was attempted with additional injections administered on demand in the case of relapsing vertigo spells. MRI was repeated after 3 to 12 months (median, 8 mo) after treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The degree and extension of EH as evaluated by 3D-FLAIR MRI was compared from images obtained pre- and post-ITGent administration. RESULTS: After ITGent administration, 4 patients did not show any MRI modification, 3 patients showed a worsening of EH in one site, and 1 patient showed a worsening in two sites. No subjects presented reduction of EH. CONCLUSION: No evidence of reduced EH following ITGent treatment has been shown in the present imaging investigation.

Magnetic resonance imaging fails to show evidence of reduced endolymphatic hydrops in gentamicin treatment of Ménière's disease.

PIZZINI, Francesca;BELTRAMELLO, ALBERTO
2012

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To verify the hypothesis that intratympanic (IT) gentamicin (Gent) treatment in Ménière's disease (MD) is capable of reducing endolymphatic hydrops (EH), as evaluated by 3-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) sequence in a 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) unit, after IT gadolinium administration. PATIENTS: A total of 8 patients (5 men and 3 women; aged 40-78 yr; median, 60 yr) with definite MD participated in the investigation. The duration of the disease ranged from 1 to 10 years (median, 4 yr), with a prevalence of vertigo spells of 1 to 6 per month (median, 3.1), as calculated in the last 6 months. INTERVENTION: A 3D-FLAIR MRI was performed 24 hours after IT injection of diluted gadobutrol. Intratympanic Gent injection was performed in a period variable from 1 to 3 weeks after 3D-FLAIR MRI. A single-shot administration protocol was attempted with additional injections administered on demand in the case of relapsing vertigo spells. MRI was repeated after 3 to 12 months (median, 8 mo) after treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The degree and extension of EH as evaluated by 3D-FLAIR MRI was compared from images obtained pre- and post-ITGent administration. RESULTS: After ITGent administration, 4 patients did not show any MRI modification, 3 patients showed a worsening of EH in one site, and 1 patient showed a worsening in two sites. No subjects presented reduction of EH. CONCLUSION: No evidence of reduced EH following ITGent treatment has been shown in the present imaging investigation.
Gadolinium; Magnetic resonance imaging; Vertigo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/497349
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