BACKGROUND: Quantification of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA by real-time PCR is currently considered an alternative diagnostic approach for the evaluation of active infection in transplant patients. The pp65 antigenemia assay has been used as reference test for monitoring active CMV infection and guiding preemptive therapy in transplant recipients. However, this assay suffers from some limitations: need for immediate processing of the samples, labour-intensive process, lack of standardization and subjective result interpretation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new commercially available real-time PCR assay coupled with a fully automated DNA extraction system (COBAS Ampliprep/COBAS Taqman CMV Test, Roche Diagnostics) for the detection of CMV-DNA in plasma comparing it with pp65 antigenemia assay for monitoring active CMV infection in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 266 consecutive samples from 45 SOTRs were monitored with pp65 antigenemia and in parallel with CMV-DNA quantitation by real-time PCR assay. RESULTS: Fifty-eight samples resulted PCR-positive, 163 negative and for 45 samples the CMV-DNA values obtained were below the lower limit of quantification (<150copies/ml); pp65 antigen was detected in 47 samples and resulted negative in 219 specimens. Concordance between the two evaluations was 76.7%; also a good correlation was observed (r=0.718). Considering the existing treatment criteria based on pp65 antigenemia evaluation corresponding to pp65 levels≥20 positive cells/200,000, preemptive therapy was administered to four asymptomatically infected patients. The corresponding cut-off value of CMV-DNA load calculated for discrimination between self-clearing infections and those requiring therapy was 2500copies/ml (or 2275IU/ml). CONCLUSION: The fully automated real-time PCR from Roche provided specific and sensitive results and represented a rapid and simple assay for the evaluation and monitoring of CMV infection in SOTRs. Further studies are required to validate the threshold level for the initiation of preemptive therapy.

Quantification of cytomegalovirus DNA by a fully automated real-time PCR for early diagnosis and monitoring of active viral infection in solid organ transplant recipients.

BOARETTI, Marzia;FONTANA, Roberta
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Quantification of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA by real-time PCR is currently considered an alternative diagnostic approach for the evaluation of active infection in transplant patients. The pp65 antigenemia assay has been used as reference test for monitoring active CMV infection and guiding preemptive therapy in transplant recipients. However, this assay suffers from some limitations: need for immediate processing of the samples, labour-intensive process, lack of standardization and subjective result interpretation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new commercially available real-time PCR assay coupled with a fully automated DNA extraction system (COBAS Ampliprep/COBAS Taqman CMV Test, Roche Diagnostics) for the detection of CMV-DNA in plasma comparing it with pp65 antigenemia assay for monitoring active CMV infection in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 266 consecutive samples from 45 SOTRs were monitored with pp65 antigenemia and in parallel with CMV-DNA quantitation by real-time PCR assay. RESULTS: Fifty-eight samples resulted PCR-positive, 163 negative and for 45 samples the CMV-DNA values obtained were below the lower limit of quantification (<150copies/ml); pp65 antigen was detected in 47 samples and resulted negative in 219 specimens. Concordance between the two evaluations was 76.7%; also a good correlation was observed (r=0.718). Considering the existing treatment criteria based on pp65 antigenemia evaluation corresponding to pp65 levels≥20 positive cells/200,000, preemptive therapy was administered to four asymptomatically infected patients. The corresponding cut-off value of CMV-DNA load calculated for discrimination between self-clearing infections and those requiring therapy was 2500copies/ml (or 2275IU/ml). CONCLUSION: The fully automated real-time PCR from Roche provided specific and sensitive results and represented a rapid and simple assay for the evaluation and monitoring of CMV infection in SOTRs. Further studies are required to validate the threshold level for the initiation of preemptive therapy.
Cytomegalovirus; Real-time PCR; CMV-DNA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/482549
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