The extent to which various paramagnetic ions (Cu2+, Mn2+ and Gd3+) free and bound to human serum albumin alter the water proton relaxation times at two frequencies has been investigated. NMR relaxation parameters, T1 and T2, were measured at 5 and 10 MHz using a saturation recovery (90 degrees-tau-90 degrees) and a spin-echo (90 degrees-tau-180 degrees) sequence respectively. We found that all three ions enhance their effectiveness in inducing water proton magnetic relaxation when they are bound to human serum albumin and that Gd3+ is the most effective in pure water and Mn2+ in the presence of the protein. Cu2+ has a smaller effect, but it presents an interesting behaviour correlated with the existence of two different binding sites, which is also confirmed by electronic paramagnetic resonance spectra. The results indicate the potential usefulness of large molecular paramagnetic complexes as contrast agents in NMR Imaging.

Influence of paramagnetic ions bound to human serum albumin on water 1HNMR relaxation times.

MARZOLA, Pasquina;
1986

Abstract

The extent to which various paramagnetic ions (Cu2+, Mn2+ and Gd3+) free and bound to human serum albumin alter the water proton relaxation times at two frequencies has been investigated. NMR relaxation parameters, T1 and T2, were measured at 5 and 10 MHz using a saturation recovery (90 degrees-tau-90 degrees) and a spin-echo (90 degrees-tau-180 degrees) sequence respectively. We found that all three ions enhance their effectiveness in inducing water proton magnetic relaxation when they are bound to human serum albumin and that Gd3+ is the most effective in pure water and Mn2+ in the presence of the protein. Cu2+ has a smaller effect, but it presents an interesting behaviour correlated with the existence of two different binding sites, which is also confirmed by electronic paramagnetic resonance spectra. The results indicate the potential usefulness of large molecular paramagnetic complexes as contrast agents in NMR Imaging.
Gadolinium; protein binding; relaxivity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/476601
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