Objectives: A systematic review of the published data on theprevalence, incidence and risk factors of female urinary incontinence(UI) and obstetric treatment of UI in Europe. DataSources: Epidemiologic studies were sought via PubMed toidentify articles published in English, French, Spanish, Germanand Italian between 2000 and September 30, 2010, inEurope. Results: The prevalence of UI ranged from 14.1 to68.8% and increased with increasing age. Significant risk factorsfor UI in pregnancy were maternal age 6 35 years andinitial body mass index, a family history of UI and parity. UIin women who delivered ‘at term’ ranged from 26 to 40.2%,with a remission rate of 3 months after childbirth of up to86.4%. Pelvic floor muscle training may help to prevent postpartumUI in primiparous women without UI during pregnancy.Conclusion: UI definition, outcome measures, surveymethods and validation criteria are still heterogeneous, andthus it is difficult to compare data and impossible to drawdefinite conclusions.

Prevalence, Incidence and Obstetric Factors' Impact on Female Urinary Incontinence in Europe: A Systematic Review.

CERRUTO, Maria Angela;D'ELIA, Carolina;ARTIBANI, Walter
2013

Abstract

Objectives: A systematic review of the published data on theprevalence, incidence and risk factors of female urinary incontinence(UI) and obstetric treatment of UI in Europe. DataSources: Epidemiologic studies were sought via PubMed toidentify articles published in English, French, Spanish, Germanand Italian between 2000 and September 30, 2010, inEurope. Results: The prevalence of UI ranged from 14.1 to68.8% and increased with increasing age. Significant risk factorsfor UI in pregnancy were maternal age 6 35 years andinitial body mass index, a family history of UI and parity. UIin women who delivered ‘at term’ ranged from 26 to 40.2%,with a remission rate of 3 months after childbirth of up to86.4%. Pelvic floor muscle training may help to prevent postpartumUI in primiparous women without UI during pregnancy.Conclusion: UI definition, outcome measures, surveymethods and validation criteria are still heterogeneous, andthus it is difficult to compare data and impossible to drawdefinite conclusions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/475996
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