OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of the high-speed dual-source computed tomography scanner (DSCT), with an increased temporal resolution (83 ms), for the detection of significant coronary lesions (> or =50% lumen diameter reduction) in a clinically wide range of patients. BACKGROUND: Cardiac motion artifacts may decrease coronary image quality with use of earlier computed tomography scanners that have a limited temporal resolution. METHODS: We prospectively studied 100 symptomatic patients (79 men, 21 women, mean age 61 +/- 11 years) with atypical (18%) or typical (55%) angina pectoris, or unstable coronary artery disease (27%) scheduled for conventional coronary angiography. Mean scan time was 8.58 +/- 1.52 s. Mean heart rate was 68 +/- 11 beats/min. Quantitative coronary angiography was used as the standard of reference. Irrespective of image quality or vessel size, all segments were included for analysis. RESULTS: Invasive coronary angiography demonstrated no significant disease in 23%, single-vessel disease in 31%, and multivessel disease in 46% of patients; 1,489 coronary segments, containing 220 significant (14.8%) stenoses, were available for analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of DSCT coronary angiography for the detection of significant lesions on a segment-by-segment analysis were 95% (95% confidence interval [CI] 90 to 97), 95% (95% CI 93 to 96), 75% (95% CI 69 to 80), 99% (95% CI 98 to 99), respectively, and on a patient-based analysis 99% (95% CI 92 to 100), 87% (95% CI 65 to 97), 96% (95% CI 89 to 99), and 95% (95% CI 74 to 100), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Noninvasive DSCT coronary angiography is highly sensitive to detect and to reliably rule out the presence of a significant coronary stenosis in patients presenting with atypical or typical angina pectoris, or unstable coronary artery disease.

Reliable high-speed coronary computed tomography in symptomatic patients.

MALAGO', Roberto;
2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of the high-speed dual-source computed tomography scanner (DSCT), with an increased temporal resolution (83 ms), for the detection of significant coronary lesions (> or =50% lumen diameter reduction) in a clinically wide range of patients. BACKGROUND: Cardiac motion artifacts may decrease coronary image quality with use of earlier computed tomography scanners that have a limited temporal resolution. METHODS: We prospectively studied 100 symptomatic patients (79 men, 21 women, mean age 61 +/- 11 years) with atypical (18%) or typical (55%) angina pectoris, or unstable coronary artery disease (27%) scheduled for conventional coronary angiography. Mean scan time was 8.58 +/- 1.52 s. Mean heart rate was 68 +/- 11 beats/min. Quantitative coronary angiography was used as the standard of reference. Irrespective of image quality or vessel size, all segments were included for analysis. RESULTS: Invasive coronary angiography demonstrated no significant disease in 23%, single-vessel disease in 31%, and multivessel disease in 46% of patients; 1,489 coronary segments, containing 220 significant (14.8%) stenoses, were available for analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of DSCT coronary angiography for the detection of significant lesions on a segment-by-segment analysis were 95% (95% confidence interval [CI] 90 to 97), 95% (95% CI 93 to 96), 75% (95% CI 69 to 80), 99% (95% CI 98 to 99), respectively, and on a patient-based analysis 99% (95% CI 92 to 100), 87% (95% CI 65 to 97), 96% (95% CI 89 to 99), and 95% (95% CI 74 to 100), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Noninvasive DSCT coronary angiography is highly sensitive to detect and to reliably rule out the presence of a significant coronary stenosis in patients presenting with atypical or typical angina pectoris, or unstable coronary artery disease.
RTERY STENOSES, DIAGNOSTIC-ACCURACY, ANGIOGRAPHY, PERFORMANCE, COLLIMATION, RESOLUTION, ROTATION, DISEASE, HEART, CT
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/474033
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