CdTe has shown a significant potential for high mass production, resulting to be one of the cheapest photovoltaic technology available. Efficiencies exceeding 17% have been obtained by the application of high temperature CdTe deposition. However a very different role of the CdCl2 activation treatment for the low and high temperature deposited CdTe is known: requiring a strong grain size enhancement only in the first case. In our labs, vacuum evaporated CdTe is typically treated by CdCl2-methanol saturated solution. Different amounts of this solution have been applied on CdTe layers. Final conversion efficiencies are ranging, depending on the different treatments, between 6 and 13%. The electrical properties of these finished devices have been studied by means of current-voltage, capacitance-voltage, drive level capacitance profiling and admittance spectroscopy in order to connect the electrical properties of the device with the different activation treatments. Admittance spectroscopy shows a different defect energy distribution depending on the applied activation treatment, drive level capacitance profiling the different doping profile and the different transport mechanisms are addressed by studying the behavior of dependence of I-V characteristics with temperature.
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