OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate gadobenate dimeglumine for the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions in the unenhanced and already pre-enhanced liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were evaluated prospectively. Unenhanced T1-weighted gradient echo (T1wGRE) and T2-weighted turbo spin echo (T2wTSE) images were acquired followed by contrast-enhanced T1wGRE images during the dynamic, equilibrium, and delayed phases after the bolus injection of 0.05 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine. An identical series of dynamic images was then acquired after the delayed scan following a second 0.05 mmol/kg bolus of gadobenate dimeglumine. Images were evaluated randomly in 2 sessions by 3 independent blinded readers. Evaluated images in the first session comprised the unenhanced images, the first or second set of dynamic images, and the delayed images. The second session included the unenhanced images, the dynamic images not yet evaluated in the first session, and the delayed images. The 2 reading sessions were compared for lesion characterization and diagnosis, and kappa (kappa) values for interobserver agreement were determined. Quantitative evaluation of lesion contrast enhancement was also performed. RESULTS: The enhancement behavior in the second dynamic series was similar to that in the first series, although pre-enhancement of the normal liver resulted in reduced lesion-liver contrast-to-noise ratios and the visualization of some lesions only on arterial phase images. Typical imaging features for the lesions included in the study were visualized clearly in both series. Strong agreement (kappa=0.56-0.89; all evaluations) between the 2 images sets was noted by all readers for differentiation of benign from malignant lesions and for definition of specific diagnosis, and between readers for diagnoses established based on images acquired in the unenhanced and pre-enhanced liver. CONCLUSION: Dynamic imaging in the hepatobiliary phase gives similar information as dynamic imaging of the unenhanced liver. This might prove advantageous for screening protocols involving same session imaging of primary extrahepatic tumors and liver.

Evaluation of a novel time-efficient protocol for gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA)-enhanced liver magnetic resonance imaging

MORANA, Giovanni;
2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate gadobenate dimeglumine for the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions in the unenhanced and already pre-enhanced liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were evaluated prospectively. Unenhanced T1-weighted gradient echo (T1wGRE) and T2-weighted turbo spin echo (T2wTSE) images were acquired followed by contrast-enhanced T1wGRE images during the dynamic, equilibrium, and delayed phases after the bolus injection of 0.05 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine. An identical series of dynamic images was then acquired after the delayed scan following a second 0.05 mmol/kg bolus of gadobenate dimeglumine. Images were evaluated randomly in 2 sessions by 3 independent blinded readers. Evaluated images in the first session comprised the unenhanced images, the first or second set of dynamic images, and the delayed images. The second session included the unenhanced images, the dynamic images not yet evaluated in the first session, and the delayed images. The 2 reading sessions were compared for lesion characterization and diagnosis, and kappa (kappa) values for interobserver agreement were determined. Quantitative evaluation of lesion contrast enhancement was also performed. RESULTS: The enhancement behavior in the second dynamic series was similar to that in the first series, although pre-enhancement of the normal liver resulted in reduced lesion-liver contrast-to-noise ratios and the visualization of some lesions only on arterial phase images. Typical imaging features for the lesions included in the study were visualized clearly in both series. Strong agreement (kappa=0.56-0.89; all evaluations) between the 2 images sets was noted by all readers for differentiation of benign from malignant lesions and for definition of specific diagnosis, and between readers for diagnoses established based on images acquired in the unenhanced and pre-enhanced liver. CONCLUSION: Dynamic imaging in the hepatobiliary phase gives similar information as dynamic imaging of the unenhanced liver. This might prove advantageous for screening protocols involving same session imaging of primary extrahepatic tumors and liver.
Liver/*pathology Liver Neoplasms/*pathology Magnetic Resonance Imaging/*methods Meglumine/administration & dosage/*analogs & derivatives/diagnostic use
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/473759
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