The early invasive diagnostic approach with extensive use of myocardial revascularization in patients with unstable angina is a matter of debate. Both the advantages of this strategy and the choice of the best candidates are controversial. The widespread applicability of this approach in Italian hospitals is also questionable, due to limited availability of facilities for interventional cardiology.A prospective, observational study was done on a cohort of consecutive patients, who were admitted with a diagnosis of unstable angina and treated with an early aggressive approach at a center with interventional cardiology facilities without cardiac surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate both the immediate and long-term clinical outcome of patients and the efficiency of our therapeutic approach.Two-hundred and two patients were enrolled and 85\% were in Braunwald class III. Coronary angiography was performed in 171 patients (85\%) at 2.1 +/- 2.4 days after admission: it showed one-, two- and three-vessel disease in 40, 29 and 22\% of cases, respectively; 9\% of patients had no severe coronary lesion. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.58 +/- 0.13. Medical treatment, coronary by-pass surgery and percutaneous myocardial revascularization were chosen in 36, 24 and 40\% of cases, respectively. Coronary angioplasty was performed in our center in 58 (73\%) of 80 patients at 6.8 +/- 5.6 days after admission and stents were used in 42 cases (74\%). Overall hospital stay was 10.4 +/- 4 days. Cumulated adverse events (death and non-fatal myocardial infarction) occurred in 2.5 and 7\% of patients during the initial admission and in the following year, respectively.An early aggressive approach to patients with unstable angina is feasible in a hospital with interventional cardiology in the absence of cardiac surgical facilities. The immediate favorable clinical results of this strategy in an intermediate-risk cohort seem to persist at one-year follow-up.

Early aggressive treatment of unstable angina without on-site cardiac surgical facilities: a prospective study of acute and long-term outcome.

RIBICHINI, Flavio Luciano;
1998

Abstract

The early invasive diagnostic approach with extensive use of myocardial revascularization in patients with unstable angina is a matter of debate. Both the advantages of this strategy and the choice of the best candidates are controversial. The widespread applicability of this approach in Italian hospitals is also questionable, due to limited availability of facilities for interventional cardiology.A prospective, observational study was done on a cohort of consecutive patients, who were admitted with a diagnosis of unstable angina and treated with an early aggressive approach at a center with interventional cardiology facilities without cardiac surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate both the immediate and long-term clinical outcome of patients and the efficiency of our therapeutic approach.Two-hundred and two patients were enrolled and 85\% were in Braunwald class III. Coronary angiography was performed in 171 patients (85\%) at 2.1 +/- 2.4 days after admission: it showed one-, two- and three-vessel disease in 40, 29 and 22\% of cases, respectively; 9\% of patients had no severe coronary lesion. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.58 +/- 0.13. Medical treatment, coronary by-pass surgery and percutaneous myocardial revascularization were chosen in 36, 24 and 40\% of cases, respectively. Coronary angioplasty was performed in our center in 58 (73\%) of 80 patients at 6.8 +/- 5.6 days after admission and stents were used in 42 cases (74\%). Overall hospital stay was 10.4 +/- 4 days. Cumulated adverse events (death and non-fatal myocardial infarction) occurred in 2.5 and 7\% of patients during the initial admission and in the following year, respectively.An early aggressive approach to patients with unstable angina is feasible in a hospital with interventional cardiology in the absence of cardiac surgical facilities. The immediate favorable clinical results of this strategy in an intermediate-risk cohort seem to persist at one-year follow-up.
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; therapeutic use, Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Angina; Unstable; drug therapy/surgery/therapy, Angioplasty; Balloon; Coronary, Anti-Inflammatory Agents; Non-Steroidal; administration /&/ dosage/therapeutic use, Anticoagulants; administration /&/ dosage/therapeutic use, Aspirin; administration /&/ dosage/therapeutic use, Calcium Channel Blockers; therapeutic use, Cohort Studies, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Care Units, Data Interpretation; Statistical, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Heparin; administration /&/ dosage/therapeutic use, Humans, Infusions; Intravenous, Length of Stay, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Revascularization, Nitrates; administration /&/ dosage/therapeutic use, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; administration /&/ dosage/therapeutic use, Prospective Studies, Software, Stents, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/470391
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