OBJECTIVE: Posterior gyrus cinguli tumors are a well-defined group of tumors that pose considerable challenges in creating surgical access and manipulating adjacent eloquent areas (visual and motor). Here we report our 5-year experience in the surgical treatment of these tumors and describe tumor characteristics, surgical steps, critical aspects, and prognostic factors. METHODS: This series comprises 37 patients operated on for glioma (high-grade in 28, low-grade in 9), often presenting with motor impairment (n=20), intracranial hypertension (n=15), seizures (n=11), and/or hemianopia (n=9). Preoperative assessment was performed with magnetic resonance imaging. Half of the tumors were more than 4cm in size, and the majority presented secondary extension into the fronto-parieto-occipital area, the temporo-mesial area, and/or the corpus callosum. Positioning and assisted surgery were optimized in each patient based on preoperative planning. RESULTS: The ipsilateral interhemispheric approach was elected in all cases. Tumor size and extension were significantly associated with the degree of tumor removal. Total removal was achieved in 25 patients (65%); 4 (10%) had persistent morbidity (visual or motor deficits). The occurrence of local and systemic complications was negligible. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of posterior gyrus cinguli tumors can be safely approached via the interhemispheric route as it permits several beneficial operative maneuvers in selected cases.
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