OBJECTIVE: Posterior gyrus cinguli tumors are a well-defined group of tumors that pose considerable challenges in creating surgical access and manipulating adjacent eloquent areas (visual and motor). Here we report our 5-year experience in the surgical treatment of these tumors and describe tumor characteristics, surgical steps, critical aspects, and prognostic factors. METHODS: This series comprises 37 patients operated on for glioma (high-grade in 28, low-grade in 9), often presenting with motor impairment (n=20), intracranial hypertension (n=15), seizures (n=11), and/or hemianopia (n=9). Preoperative assessment was performed with magnetic resonance imaging. Half of the tumors were more than 4cm in size, and the majority presented secondary extension into the fronto-parieto-occipital area, the temporo-mesial area, and/or the corpus callosum. Positioning and assisted surgery were optimized in each patient based on preoperative planning. RESULTS: The ipsilateral interhemispheric approach was elected in all cases. Tumor size and extension were significantly associated with the degree of tumor removal. Total removal was achieved in 25 patients (65%); 4 (10%) had persistent morbidity (visual or motor deficits). The occurrence of local and systemic complications was negligible. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of posterior gyrus cinguli tumors can be safely approached via the interhemispheric route as it permits several beneficial operative maneuvers in selected cases.

Interhemispheric approach to tumors of the posterior gyrus cinguli.

TALACCHI, Andrea;GEROSA, Massimo
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Posterior gyrus cinguli tumors are a well-defined group of tumors that pose considerable challenges in creating surgical access and manipulating adjacent eloquent areas (visual and motor). Here we report our 5-year experience in the surgical treatment of these tumors and describe tumor characteristics, surgical steps, critical aspects, and prognostic factors. METHODS: This series comprises 37 patients operated on for glioma (high-grade in 28, low-grade in 9), often presenting with motor impairment (n=20), intracranial hypertension (n=15), seizures (n=11), and/or hemianopia (n=9). Preoperative assessment was performed with magnetic resonance imaging. Half of the tumors were more than 4cm in size, and the majority presented secondary extension into the fronto-parieto-occipital area, the temporo-mesial area, and/or the corpus callosum. Positioning and assisted surgery were optimized in each patient based on preoperative planning. RESULTS: The ipsilateral interhemispheric approach was elected in all cases. Tumor size and extension were significantly associated with the degree of tumor removal. Total removal was achieved in 25 patients (65%); 4 (10%) had persistent morbidity (visual or motor deficits). The occurrence of local and systemic complications was negligible. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of posterior gyrus cinguli tumors can be safely approached via the interhemispheric route as it permits several beneficial operative maneuvers in selected cases.
brain tumors; surgical treatment; gyrus cinguli; limbic system
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/445341
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