The structure and dynamics of a mixed cadmium-sodium β-alumina crystal, with composition (Cd0.79Na0.42O)1.22⋅11Al2O3, was investigated by x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The conventional crystal-structure determination was carried out at room temperature, attaining R=0.043 in the least-squares refinement. Cadmium ions are close to mid-oxygen sites, but displaced by 0.168(5) Å from the conduction plane. Sodium ions are located in 6h sites near the Beevers-Ross positions, and the bridging oxygen atoms are disorderly distributed slightly off the threefold axes. Al interstitial-vacancy pairs correlated with oxygen interstitials were detected. Polarized Raman spectra, obtained in the low-frequency region at some temperatures from 300 K down to liquid-helium temperature region, are analyzed. The results of the analysis of features connected with cadmium-ion vibrational dynamics in room-temperature spectra are consistent with the model of ionic distribution obtained by refining x-ray-diffraction data. The temperature evolution of some Raman bands is discussed in terms of cadmium-ion rearrangement.

CADMIUM-ION DISTRIBUTION AND MOTION IN BETA-ALUMINA - AN X-RAY-DIFFRACTION AND RAMAN-SCATTERING INVESTIGATION

MARIOTTO, Gino
1987

Abstract

The structure and dynamics of a mixed cadmium-sodium β-alumina crystal, with composition (Cd0.79Na0.42O)1.22⋅11Al2O3, was investigated by x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The conventional crystal-structure determination was carried out at room temperature, attaining R=0.043 in the least-squares refinement. Cadmium ions are close to mid-oxygen sites, but displaced by 0.168(5) Å from the conduction plane. Sodium ions are located in 6h sites near the Beevers-Ross positions, and the bridging oxygen atoms are disorderly distributed slightly off the threefold axes. Al interstitial-vacancy pairs correlated with oxygen interstitials were detected. Polarized Raman spectra, obtained in the low-frequency region at some temperatures from 300 K down to liquid-helium temperature region, are analyzed. The results of the analysis of features connected with cadmium-ion vibrational dynamics in room-temperature spectra are consistent with the model of ionic distribution obtained by refining x-ray-diffraction data. The temperature evolution of some Raman bands is discussed in terms of cadmium-ion rearrangement.
BETA-ALUMINA CRYSTALS, CADMIUM-ION DISTRIBUTION AND MOTION, X-RAY-DIFFRACTION, RAMAN-SCATTERING
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/434786
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact