OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the modifications induced by chronic treatment with a new formulation of nicardipine (slow release) on the hemodynamic parameters in peripheral artery and left ventricle diastolic function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten mild to moderate essential hypertensive male patients (mean age 42 years, range 32-54 years) received nicardipine slow release (40 mg b.i.d.) for six months. Peripheral hemodynamic and cardiac parameters were evaluated by duplex scanner, coupled with a plethysmographic method, basally (T0) and after 1 (T1) and 6 months' treatment (T2). RESULTS: Blood pressure showed a significant reduction after 1 month (mean blood pressure 109 +/- 2 vs 124 +/- 3 mmHg, M +/- SE, p < 0.001), which was maintained after 6 months (mean blood pressure 112 +/- 3 mmHg, p < 0.001), while heart rate showed only a slight, non-significant increase. There were highly significant changes in distensibility (0.29 +/- 0.02 vs 0.16 +/- 0.01 s2.cm-2, T2 vs T0, p < 0.001), characteristic impedance (55 +/- 3 vs 78 +/- 3 dyn.s.cm-5.10(2), T2 vs T0, p < 0.001) and local resistances (71 +/- 5 vs 118 +/- 4 mmHg.ml-1. s, T2 vs T0, p < 0.001) in the brachial artery, and also in left ventricle posterior wall diastolic thickness (10.2 +/- 0.4 vs 11.5 +/- 0.3 mm, T2 vs T0, p < 0.05), end diastolic volume (127 +/- 3 vs 109 +/- 3 ml, T2 vs T0, p < 0.01) and mass/volume index (1.21 +/- 0.03 vs 1.35 +/- 0.03, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The antihypertensive efficacy of nicardipine slow release, with only two daily administrations, allows the restoration of the dumping function of the large arteries, and the regression of the functional modifications affecting the left ventricular diastole.

Changes induced by nicardipine slow release in forearm and myocardial hemodynamics of subjects with essential hypertension.

DE MARCHI, Sergio;AROSIO, Enrico;
1994

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the modifications induced by chronic treatment with a new formulation of nicardipine (slow release) on the hemodynamic parameters in peripheral artery and left ventricle diastolic function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten mild to moderate essential hypertensive male patients (mean age 42 years, range 32-54 years) received nicardipine slow release (40 mg b.i.d.) for six months. Peripheral hemodynamic and cardiac parameters were evaluated by duplex scanner, coupled with a plethysmographic method, basally (T0) and after 1 (T1) and 6 months' treatment (T2). RESULTS: Blood pressure showed a significant reduction after 1 month (mean blood pressure 109 +/- 2 vs 124 +/- 3 mmHg, M +/- SE, p < 0.001), which was maintained after 6 months (mean blood pressure 112 +/- 3 mmHg, p < 0.001), while heart rate showed only a slight, non-significant increase. There were highly significant changes in distensibility (0.29 +/- 0.02 vs 0.16 +/- 0.01 s2.cm-2, T2 vs T0, p < 0.001), characteristic impedance (55 +/- 3 vs 78 +/- 3 dyn.s.cm-5.10(2), T2 vs T0, p < 0.001) and local resistances (71 +/- 5 vs 118 +/- 4 mmHg.ml-1. s, T2 vs T0, p < 0.001) in the brachial artery, and also in left ventricle posterior wall diastolic thickness (10.2 +/- 0.4 vs 11.5 +/- 0.3 mm, T2 vs T0, p < 0.05), end diastolic volume (127 +/- 3 vs 109 +/- 3 ml, T2 vs T0, p < 0.01) and mass/volume index (1.21 +/- 0.03 vs 1.35 +/- 0.03, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The antihypertensive efficacy of nicardipine slow release, with only two daily administrations, allows the restoration of the dumping function of the large arteries, and the regression of the functional modifications affecting the left ventricular diastole.
nicardipine; hemodynamics; essential hypertension
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/429483
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