Experiments herein reported were designed to clarify the degree of sensitivity of hairy cells to lysis in vitro. The cytotoxic capacity of peripheral blood lymphocytes from hairy cell leukemia patients against autologous and/or allogenic hairy cells was tested both at resting conditions and after in vitro stimulation. While effectors activated by interferon alpha, lectins, or interleukin-2 were unable to induce a lysis of hairy cells, in some cases we were successful in eliciting a definite lysis of these cells by triggering the effector cells with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies. Our results favour the interpretation that hairy cells are relatively, but not completely resistant to in vitro lysis. Furthermore, the evidence that anti-CD3 antibodies increase the efficacy of the cytotoxic machinery might support the use of these molecules in designing new immunotherapeutic approaches against tumor targets.

Hairy cell sensitivity to the lysis in vitro. Role of the anti-CD3 antibody in generating a susceptibility to the lysis

PIZZOLO, Giovanni
1989

Abstract

Experiments herein reported were designed to clarify the degree of sensitivity of hairy cells to lysis in vitro. The cytotoxic capacity of peripheral blood lymphocytes from hairy cell leukemia patients against autologous and/or allogenic hairy cells was tested both at resting conditions and after in vitro stimulation. While effectors activated by interferon alpha, lectins, or interleukin-2 were unable to induce a lysis of hairy cells, in some cases we were successful in eliciting a definite lysis of these cells by triggering the effector cells with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies. Our results favour the interpretation that hairy cells are relatively, but not completely resistant to in vitro lysis. Furthermore, the evidence that anti-CD3 antibodies increase the efficacy of the cytotoxic machinery might support the use of these molecules in designing new immunotherapeutic approaches against tumor targets.
HCL; cell lysis; anti-CD3 antibody
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/4143
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