This study further investigated the mechanisms that control apoptosis in leukaemic CD5+ B cells, and focused on the Bcl-2 gene family. The pattern of expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bcl-xS and Bax genes, selected because of their interrelated role in the control of apoptosis, was analysed in a series of CD5+ B-cell chronic lymphoid leukaemias. Cells from 34 patients with chronic lymphoid leukaemia of B-cell type (23 B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) and 11 mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in leukaemic phase) were investigated. High levels of Bcl-2 mRNA were observed by Northern blot and high levels of Bcl-2 protein were detected by cytofluorograph analysis with a specific monoclonal antibody (MAb) in all cases. Strong Bax expression was detected by RT-PCR in 20/2 3 B-CLL cases; Bax was also observed in 8/11 MCL in leukaemic phase with variable degree of intensity. In both B-CLL and MCL samples the presence of Bax protein was confirmed by cytofluorograph analysis. RT-PCR detected high levels of Bcl-xL in 16/23 BCLL and in 8/11 MCL in leukaemic phase, whereas Bcl-xS was detectable in low to trace amounts respectively in 13/23 B-CLL and in 6/11 MCL in leukaemic phase. According to the functional role of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bcl-xS and Bax, these data indicate that the pattern of Bcl-2 family genes expression in leukaemic CD5+ B cells is skewed toward prevention of apoptosis and may thus favour the relentless accumulation of CD5+ leukaemic B cells.
|Titolo:||In leukaemic CD5+ B cells the expression of BCL-2 gene family is shifted toward protection from apoptosis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|