Close associations have been demonstrated between a number of degenerative diseases (atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, obesity, etc.) and the unbalanced diet of industrialized countries characterized by excessive amounts of calories, protein, saturated fat, simple carbohydrates, sodium, and other nutrients. Dietary recommendations issued over the last few years are the same for diabetic and nondiabetic individuals. Their goal is to allow normal growth and variable levels of physical activity while at the same time protecting against obesity, dyslipidemia, and other complications due to an unbalanced diet. Thus, young diabetics should eat a normal diet while taking care to keep their blood sugar levels as close as possible to the normal range to prevent the short- and long-term complications of diabetes. The 'Mediterranean diet' in combination with appropriate insulin therapy may be optimal. It consists mainly of fiber-rich complex carbohydrates (grain), vegetables, fruit, yogurt, fish, and olive oil. Explanations on this diet should focus on quality rather than quantity of food stuffs and should be given to each child and family by a multidisciplinary team including an experienced dietician. Prescription of a highly rigid diet has proved ineffective in producing adequate metabolic control, and increases the risk of deviations from the diet.

Diet for young diabetics: Standard and mediterranean

PINELLI, Leonardo;
1998

Abstract

Close associations have been demonstrated between a number of degenerative diseases (atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, obesity, etc.) and the unbalanced diet of industrialized countries characterized by excessive amounts of calories, protein, saturated fat, simple carbohydrates, sodium, and other nutrients. Dietary recommendations issued over the last few years are the same for diabetic and nondiabetic individuals. Their goal is to allow normal growth and variable levels of physical activity while at the same time protecting against obesity, dyslipidemia, and other complications due to an unbalanced diet. Thus, young diabetics should eat a normal diet while taking care to keep their blood sugar levels as close as possible to the normal range to prevent the short- and long-term complications of diabetes. The 'Mediterranean diet' in combination with appropriate insulin therapy may be optimal. It consists mainly of fiber-rich complex carbohydrates (grain), vegetables, fruit, yogurt, fish, and olive oil. Explanations on this diet should focus on quality rather than quantity of food stuffs and should be given to each child and family by a multidisciplinary team including an experienced dietician. Prescription of a highly rigid diet has proved ineffective in producing adequate metabolic control, and increases the risk of deviations from the diet.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/4078
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