The benefits coming from long-term treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with bisphophonates are limited by a coupled decrease in bone formation. The objective of this study is to determine whether this decrease in bone formation is associated with changes in serum levels of the WNT signaling antagonist sclerostin or Dickkopf-1 (DKK1). This is an ancillary observation from patients participating in a 12months, phase 2, randomized clinical trial. We analyzed 107 patients given either monthly intramuscular neridronate (12.5, 25 or 50mg) or placebo. Serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (sCTX, a bone-resorption marker) decreased by 61%, 75% and 73% in the 12.5, 25 and 50mg dose groups, respectively. Mean changes in bone alkaline phosphatase (bAP) at 12months were -47%, -60.0% and -52.6% in the groups receiving 12.5, 25 or 50mg neridronate, respectively. Serum DKK1 remained unchanged at all time points in the 3 groups. Serum sclerostin increased versus placebo group gradually and significantly only in patients treated with 25 or 50mg neridronate monthly, reaching 138-148% of baseline values (P<0.001). Changes in serum sclerostin at 12months were negatively correlated with changes in bAP (P<0.001) even when data were adjusted for sCTX changes and only treated patients were included. In conclusions, decreased bone formation after several months of bisphosphonate therapy is associated with increased serum levels of sclerostin. This might suggest that Wnt signaling may play a role in the coupling between resorption and formation.

Bisphosphonate treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis is associated with a dose dependent increase in serum sclerostin.

GATTI, Davide;VIAPIANA, Ombretta;ADAMI, Silvano;IDOLAZZI, Luca;FRACASSI, Elena;ROSSINI, Maurizio
2012

Abstract

The benefits coming from long-term treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with bisphophonates are limited by a coupled decrease in bone formation. The objective of this study is to determine whether this decrease in bone formation is associated with changes in serum levels of the WNT signaling antagonist sclerostin or Dickkopf-1 (DKK1). This is an ancillary observation from patients participating in a 12months, phase 2, randomized clinical trial. We analyzed 107 patients given either monthly intramuscular neridronate (12.5, 25 or 50mg) or placebo. Serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (sCTX, a bone-resorption marker) decreased by 61%, 75% and 73% in the 12.5, 25 and 50mg dose groups, respectively. Mean changes in bone alkaline phosphatase (bAP) at 12months were -47%, -60.0% and -52.6% in the groups receiving 12.5, 25 or 50mg neridronate, respectively. Serum DKK1 remained unchanged at all time points in the 3 groups. Serum sclerostin increased versus placebo group gradually and significantly only in patients treated with 25 or 50mg neridronate monthly, reaching 138-148% of baseline values (P<0.001). Changes in serum sclerostin at 12months were negatively correlated with changes in bAP (P<0.001) even when data were adjusted for sCTX changes and only treated patients were included. In conclusions, decreased bone formation after several months of bisphosphonate therapy is associated with increased serum levels of sclerostin. This might suggest that Wnt signaling may play a role in the coupling between resorption and formation.
sclerostin; bisphosphonate; osteoporosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/390289
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