To assess the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in a cohort of young women with previous idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) at least 3 years after menarche, and to look for any predictive factors of PCOS at the time ICPP was diagnosed. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. PATIENT(S): Forty-six young women (18.1 +/- 3.0 years) who had been treated with GnRH analogues during childhood, observed at gynecologic age of 6.23 +/- 3.3 years. INTERVENTION(S): Semistructured interview concerning cycles, physical exam, blood sampling, and transabdominal pelvic ultrasound. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Oligomenorrhea, LH, FSH, E(2), T, DHEAS, free T, delta4-androstenedione, 17-OHP, P, polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM). RESULT(S): Fifteen percent of the young women had oligomenorrhea, 28% clinical hyperandrogenism, 48% biochemical hyperandrogenism, and 37% PCOM. A total of 32% of the patients had PCOS according to the Rotterdam definition and 30% had PCOS according to the Androgen Exess Society. The prevalent phenotype of PCOS was characterized by clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism and PCOM. We did not find any predictive factors for PCOS at the time ICPP was diagnosed. CONCLUSION(S): Patients with ICCP are prone to developing PCOS. The prominent phenotype in this cohort was PCOM associated with clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism. Further follow-ups of these young adult patients will clarify whether this phenotype persists and if it will have important long-term implications regarding increased risk of infertility or metabolic complications.

Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in young women who had idiopathic central precocious puberty.

GAUDINO, Rossella;ANTONIAZZI, Franco;
2010

Abstract

To assess the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in a cohort of young women with previous idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) at least 3 years after menarche, and to look for any predictive factors of PCOS at the time ICPP was diagnosed. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. PATIENT(S): Forty-six young women (18.1 +/- 3.0 years) who had been treated with GnRH analogues during childhood, observed at gynecologic age of 6.23 +/- 3.3 years. INTERVENTION(S): Semistructured interview concerning cycles, physical exam, blood sampling, and transabdominal pelvic ultrasound. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Oligomenorrhea, LH, FSH, E(2), T, DHEAS, free T, delta4-androstenedione, 17-OHP, P, polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM). RESULT(S): Fifteen percent of the young women had oligomenorrhea, 28% clinical hyperandrogenism, 48% biochemical hyperandrogenism, and 37% PCOM. A total of 32% of the patients had PCOS according to the Rotterdam definition and 30% had PCOS according to the Androgen Exess Society. The prevalent phenotype of PCOS was characterized by clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism and PCOM. We did not find any predictive factors for PCOS at the time ICPP was diagnosed. CONCLUSION(S): Patients with ICCP are prone to developing PCOS. The prominent phenotype in this cohort was PCOM associated with clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism. Further follow-ups of these young adult patients will clarify whether this phenotype persists and if it will have important long-term implications regarding increased risk of infertility or metabolic complications.
"Polycystic ovary syndrome"; "Idiopathic central puberty"; women
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/389039
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