To evaluate the accuracy of Transrectal Sonography (TRS) and a new technique, Transvaginal Sonography with Water-Contrast in the Rectum (RWC-TVS), in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis, and the accuracy of Barium Enema (BE) and RWC-TVS in the detection of intestinal stenosis due to endometriosis. In a prospective study, we compared the findings of TRS and RWC-TVS performed before surgery with the operative and pathologic findings in 61 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy for suspected rectosigmoid endometriosis. The accuracy of BE and RWC-TVS in the detection of intestinal stenosis was evaluated comparing the radiologic and ultrasonographic results with the macroscopic findings at surgery and pathology. RWC-TVS diagnosed rectosigmoid endometriosis with the same accuracy of TRS and was equally efficient as BE in the detection of a significant intestinal lumen stenosis. For the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of TRS and RWC-TVS were 88.2\% and 96\%, 80\%, and 90\%, 95.7\%, and 98\%, and 57.1\% and 81.8\%, respectively. For the detection of intestinal stenosis the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of BE and RWC-TVS were 93.7\% and 87.5\%, 94.2\% and 91.4\%, 88.2\% and 82.3\%, and 97\% and 94.1\%, respectively. RWC-TVS is a new, simple technique for a single-step and accurate preoperative assessment of rectosigmoid endometriosis.

Preoperative assessment of intestinal endometriosis: A comparison of transvaginal sonography with water-contrast in the rectum, transrectal sonography, and barium enema.

BERGAMINI, VALENTINO;SCARPERI, Stefano;RAFFAELLI, Ricciarda;FRANCHI, Massimo Piergiuseppe
2010

Abstract

To evaluate the accuracy of Transrectal Sonography (TRS) and a new technique, Transvaginal Sonography with Water-Contrast in the Rectum (RWC-TVS), in the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis, and the accuracy of Barium Enema (BE) and RWC-TVS in the detection of intestinal stenosis due to endometriosis. In a prospective study, we compared the findings of TRS and RWC-TVS performed before surgery with the operative and pathologic findings in 61 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy for suspected rectosigmoid endometriosis. The accuracy of BE and RWC-TVS in the detection of intestinal stenosis was evaluated comparing the radiologic and ultrasonographic results with the macroscopic findings at surgery and pathology. RWC-TVS diagnosed rectosigmoid endometriosis with the same accuracy of TRS and was equally efficient as BE in the detection of a significant intestinal lumen stenosis. For the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of TRS and RWC-TVS were 88.2\% and 96\%, 80\%, and 90\%, 95.7\%, and 98\%, and 57.1\% and 81.8\%, respectively. For the detection of intestinal stenosis the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of BE and RWC-TVS were 93.7\% and 87.5\%, 94.2\% and 91.4\%, 88.2\% and 82.3\%, and 97\% and 94.1\%, respectively. RWC-TVS is a new, simple technique for a single-step and accurate preoperative assessment of rectosigmoid endometriosis.
Adult, Barium Sulfate; diagnostic use, Chi-Square Distribution, Colon; Sigmoid; pathology/surgery, Contrast Media; diagnostic use, Endometriosis; pathology/surgery/ultrasonography, Enema, Female, Humans, Intestinal Diseases; pathology/surgery/ultrasonography, Laparoscopy, Predictive Value of Tests, Prospective Studies, Rectum; pathology/surgery, Sensitivity and Specificity, Vagina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/386812
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