Guanylate cyclase activating protein 1 (GCAP1) is a neuronal Ca 2+ sensor (NCS) that regulates the activation of rod outer segment guanylate cyclases (ROS-GCs) in photoreceptors. In this study, we investigated the Ca 2+-induced effects on the conformation and the thermal stability of four GCAP1 variants associated with hereditary human cone dystrophies. Ca 2+ binding stabilized the conformation of all the GCAP1 variants independent of myristoylation. The myristoylated wild-type GCAP1 was found to have the highest Ca 2+ affinity and thermal stability, whereas all the mutants showed decreased Ca 2+ affinity and significantly lower thermal stability in both apo and Ca 2+-loaded forms. No apparent cooperativity of Ca 2+ binding was detected for any variant. Finally, the nonmyristoylated mutants were still capable of activating ROS-GC1, but the measured cyclase activity was shifted toward high, nonphysiological Ca 2+ concentrations. Thus, we conclude that distorted Ca 2+-sensor properties could lead to cone dysfunction.

Calcium binding, structural stability and guanylate cyclase activation in GCAP1 variants associated with human cone dystrophy.

DELL'ORCO, Daniele;
2010-01-01

Abstract

Guanylate cyclase activating protein 1 (GCAP1) is a neuronal Ca 2+ sensor (NCS) that regulates the activation of rod outer segment guanylate cyclases (ROS-GCs) in photoreceptors. In this study, we investigated the Ca 2+-induced effects on the conformation and the thermal stability of four GCAP1 variants associated with hereditary human cone dystrophies. Ca 2+ binding stabilized the conformation of all the GCAP1 variants independent of myristoylation. The myristoylated wild-type GCAP1 was found to have the highest Ca 2+ affinity and thermal stability, whereas all the mutants showed decreased Ca 2+ affinity and significantly lower thermal stability in both apo and Ca 2+-loaded forms. No apparent cooperativity of Ca 2+ binding was detected for any variant. Finally, the nonmyristoylated mutants were still capable of activating ROS-GC1, but the measured cyclase activity was shifted toward high, nonphysiological Ca 2+ concentrations. Thus, we conclude that distorted Ca 2+-sensor properties could lead to cone dysfunction.
2010
CALCIUM BINDING PROTEINS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/384839
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