In this article we test the ability of the stochastic differential model proposed by Fatone et al. [Maximum likelihood estimation of the parameters of a system of stochastic differential equations that models the returns of the index of some classes of hedge funds, J. Inv. Ill-Posed Probl. 15 (2007), pp. 329-362] of forecasting the returns of a long-short equity hedge fund index and of a market index, that is, of the Hedge Fund Research performance Index (HFRI)-Equity index and of the S&P 500 (Standard & Poor 500 New York Stock Exchange) index, respectively. The model is based on the assumptions that the value of the variation of the log-return of the hedge fund index (HFRI-Equity) is proportional up to an additive stochastic error to the value of the variation of the log-return of a market index (S&P 500) and that the log-return of the market index can be satisfactorily modelled using the Heston stochastic volatility model. The model consists of a system of three stochastic differential equations, two of them are the Heston stochastic volatility model and the third one is the equation that models the behaviour of the hedge fund index and its relation with the market index. The model is calibrated on observed data using a method based on filtering and maximum likelihood proposed by Mariani et al. [Maximum likelihood estimation of the Heston stochastic volatility model using asset and option prices: An application of nonlinear filtering theory, Opt. Lett., 2 (2008), pp. 177-222] and further developed in Fatone et al. [Maximum likelihood estimation of the parameters of a system of stochastic differential equations that models the returns of the index of some classes of hedge funds, J. Inv. Ill-Posed Probl. 15 (2007), pp. 329-362; The calibration of the Heston stochastic volatility model using filtering and maximum likelihood methodsin Proceedings of Dynamic Systems and Applications, Vol. 5, G.S. Ladde, N.G. Medhin, C. Peng, and M. Sambandham, eds., Dynamic Publishers, Atlanta, USA, 2008, pp. 170-181]. That is, an inverse problem for the stochastic dynamical system representing the model is solved using the calibration procedure. The data analysed is from January 1990 to June 2007, and are monthly data. For each observation time, they consist of the value at the observation time of the log-returns of the HFRI-Equity and of the S&P 500 indices. The calibration procedure uses appropriate subsets of data, that is the data observed in a 6 months time period. The 6 months data time period used in the calibration is rolled through the time series generating a sequence of calibration problems. The values of the HFRI-Equity and S&P 500 indices forecasted using the calibrated models are compared to the values of the indices observed. The result of the comparison is very satisfactory. The website http://www.econ.univpm.it/recchioni/finance/w8 contains some auxiliary material including some animations that helps the understanding of this article. A more general reference to the work of some of the authors and of their coauthors in mathematical finance is the website: http://www.econ.univpm.it/recchioni/finance.
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