To examine the in vivo contribution of L-selectin in the sensitization of tumor-specific CTL, we investigated the effects of treatment with the anti-L-selectin monoclonal antibody (MAb) MEL-14 on the immune response to Moloney-murine sarcoma virus (M-MSV)-induced tumors, which exhibit spontaneous regression following generation of a strong virus-specific CTL response. Daily systemic administration of MEL-14 for 10 days to M-MSV-injected mice gave rise to larger sarcomas that persisted for a longer time, compared with those arising in control mice injected with virus only. The enhanced tumor growth could not be attributed to cytotoxic activity on leukocytes by MEL-14 since no reduction in the total cell number was detected in peripheral blood and spleen of MAb-treated mice. Evaluation of the immunological response in MAb-treated animals revealed a strong reduction in the generation of virus-specific CTL precursors (CTLp) in tumor-draining peripheral lymph nodes (PLN) 10 and 15 days after M-MSV injection, while in spleen, where lymphocyte localization is independent of L-selectin expression, CTLp generation was only delayed. By day 20, when tumors had begun to regress, the CTLp number showed a marked increase in both spleen and local PLN, where naive recirculating CTL could now enter because L-selectin was no longer down-regulated or blocked by the injected MAb. Our findings indicate that functional inactivation of L-selectin by MEL-14 treatment prevented migration of naive L-selectin+CTL through high endothelial venules (HEV) and their accumulation in PLN draining the tumor area, thereby precluding the initiation of a tumor-specific CTL response that takes place primarily at this site.

Anti-L-selectin monoclonal antibody treatment in mice enhances tumor growth by preventing CTL sensitization in peripheral lymph nodes draining the tumor area.

Bronte, Vincenzo;
1996-01-01

Abstract

To examine the in vivo contribution of L-selectin in the sensitization of tumor-specific CTL, we investigated the effects of treatment with the anti-L-selectin monoclonal antibody (MAb) MEL-14 on the immune response to Moloney-murine sarcoma virus (M-MSV)-induced tumors, which exhibit spontaneous regression following generation of a strong virus-specific CTL response. Daily systemic administration of MEL-14 for 10 days to M-MSV-injected mice gave rise to larger sarcomas that persisted for a longer time, compared with those arising in control mice injected with virus only. The enhanced tumor growth could not be attributed to cytotoxic activity on leukocytes by MEL-14 since no reduction in the total cell number was detected in peripheral blood and spleen of MAb-treated mice. Evaluation of the immunological response in MAb-treated animals revealed a strong reduction in the generation of virus-specific CTL precursors (CTLp) in tumor-draining peripheral lymph nodes (PLN) 10 and 15 days after M-MSV injection, while in spleen, where lymphocyte localization is independent of L-selectin expression, CTLp generation was only delayed. By day 20, when tumors had begun to regress, the CTLp number showed a marked increase in both spleen and local PLN, where naive recirculating CTL could now enter because L-selectin was no longer down-regulated or blocked by the injected MAb. Our findings indicate that functional inactivation of L-selectin by MEL-14 treatment prevented migration of naive L-selectin+CTL through high endothelial venules (HEV) and their accumulation in PLN draining the tumor area, thereby precluding the initiation of a tumor-specific CTL response that takes place primarily at this site.
Animals; Antibodies; Monoclonal; pharmacology; Neoplasm; immunology; Cell Division; drug effects; Cell Transformation; Viral; L-Selectin; Lymph Nodes; drug effects/immunology; Mice; Inbred BALB C; Moloney murine sarcoma virus; Rats; Retroviridae Infections; virology; Sarcoma; Experimental; immunology/pathology/virology; T-Lymphocytes; Cytotoxic; Tumor Virus Infections
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/364131
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