We report the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of three small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the ampullary region of the duodenum. All patients were men; their ages were 51, 62, and 66 years. The therapy consisted of pancreatoduodenectomy. All patients died of the disease; median survival was 10 months from the diagnosis. The histological appearance was identical to pulmonary and extrapulmonary small-cell carcinoma. The neuroendocrine differentiation was demonstrated ultrastructurally by the presence of dense-core granules, and by the positive immunoreaction for neuron-specific enolase and Leu-7 in each case. One case expressed a focal positivity for chromogranin A (PHE-5) and argyrophilic granules. The same case showed the presence of neurofilaments on frozen material. Neurofilament proteins could not be demonstrated in any case in paraffin sections. Neoplastic cells exhibited cytoplasmic immunostaining for cytokeratins (CAM 5.2) in all cases. In one case, a large number of neoplastic cells (60-70\%) exhibited nuclear Ki-67 positivity. We postulate that the disease's histogenesis was from epithelial stem cell expressing both epithelial and neuroendocrine characteristics. The clinical behavior of small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the ampullary region appears to be extremely aggressive, with early metastases and fatal outcome.

Small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ampullary region. A clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study of three cases.

SCARPA, Aldo;IACONO, Calogero;
1990

Abstract

We report the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of three small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the ampullary region of the duodenum. All patients were men; their ages were 51, 62, and 66 years. The therapy consisted of pancreatoduodenectomy. All patients died of the disease; median survival was 10 months from the diagnosis. The histological appearance was identical to pulmonary and extrapulmonary small-cell carcinoma. The neuroendocrine differentiation was demonstrated ultrastructurally by the presence of dense-core granules, and by the positive immunoreaction for neuron-specific enolase and Leu-7 in each case. One case expressed a focal positivity for chromogranin A (PHE-5) and argyrophilic granules. The same case showed the presence of neurofilaments on frozen material. Neurofilament proteins could not be demonstrated in any case in paraffin sections. Neoplastic cells exhibited cytoplasmic immunostaining for cytokeratins (CAM 5.2) in all cases. In one case, a large number of neoplastic cells (60-70\%) exhibited nuclear Ki-67 positivity. We postulate that the disease's histogenesis was from epithelial stem cell expressing both epithelial and neuroendocrine characteristics. The clinical behavior of small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the ampullary region appears to be extremely aggressive, with early metastases and fatal outcome.
Adenocarcinoma; metabolism/pathology/ultrastructure; Aged; Antigens; CD57; Differentiation; metabolism; Surface; Carcinoma; Small Cell; Chromogranin A; Chromogranins; Common Bile Duct Neoplasms; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Keratins; Ki-67 Antigen; Male; Microscopy; Electron; Middle Aged; Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/363303
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