Esophageal perforation is a serious complication of pneumatic dilatation. We studied the cases of 4 patients (2 men and 2 women, mean age 58 years, range 56-62) who had surgical treatment for achalasia, two of which had had previous dilatation. The main symptoms were pain and dyspnea. Pneumomediastinum was present in all patients, pleural effusion in 2 and cervical emphysema in 1. Esophagographic results showed evidence of perforation in all four cases and gastric patches were surgically placed on the esophageal tear within 12 hours. Three patients received enteral nutrition for an average of 13 days. Mean hospital stay was 14 days. No post-operative complications were exhibited although one patient did develop gastroesophageal reflux 3 months later and underwent surgery to repair a hernia in the thorax 5 years later. Early and aggressive treatment is considered the best therapy and the gastric patch, in our opinion, is an effective and reliable technique for esophageal perforation repair in achalasia patients.

[Perforation of the esophagus during pneumatic dilatation in achalasia].

MONTRESOR, Ettore;MAINENTE, MAURIZIO;IACONO, Calogero;BORTOLASI, Luca;SERIO, Giovanni
1999

Abstract

Esophageal perforation is a serious complication of pneumatic dilatation. We studied the cases of 4 patients (2 men and 2 women, mean age 58 years, range 56-62) who had surgical treatment for achalasia, two of which had had previous dilatation. The main symptoms were pain and dyspnea. Pneumomediastinum was present in all patients, pleural effusion in 2 and cervical emphysema in 1. Esophagographic results showed evidence of perforation in all four cases and gastric patches were surgically placed on the esophageal tear within 12 hours. Three patients received enteral nutrition for an average of 13 days. Mean hospital stay was 14 days. No post-operative complications were exhibited although one patient did develop gastroesophageal reflux 3 months later and underwent surgery to repair a hernia in the thorax 5 years later. Early and aggressive treatment is considered the best therapy and the gastric patch, in our opinion, is an effective and reliable technique for esophageal perforation repair in achalasia patients.
Dilatation; adverse effects; Emphysema; etiology; Enteral Nutrition; Esophageal Achalasia; radiography/therapy; Esophageal Perforation; diagnosis/etiology/surgery; Female; Humans; Iatrogenic Disease; Jejunostomy; Length of Stay; Male; Mediastinal Emphysema; Middle Aged; Neck; Pleural Effusion
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/363268
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact